Get to know these primitive survival skills that are tried and time-tested if you wanted to increase your survival odds in emergency situations!

Primitive Survival Skills Everyone Should Know

Importance of Primitive Survival Skills

As survivalists, most of us are constantly honing our craft and figuring out new ways to put our skills to the test. We do this to keep our minds sharp and to make sure we have the primitive survival skills necessary to survive in whatever situation might come our way.

And sometimes, we find the best survival techniques by looking back… WAY back. Surviving in an urban environment in the backdrop of modern technology requires very specific survival skills.

That’s why survivalists like us should always stay on our toes and keep abreast of what’s going on in the world — so that our skills can evolve and change with the times. Some skills, though, are evergreen, and that’s why they’re passed down from generation to generation.

These primitive survival skills, combined with the right survival gear, might just save your ass in an emergency situation someday. Here is a list of survival skills from our ancestors you can apply to your survivalist life.

What are Primitive Skills? These are a set of skills perfected by our ancestors which helped them survive over thousands of years without the tools we have today.

1. Make Simple Tools from Flint

This is where ancient survival skills can be your best friend. Long before the industrial age, humans had to survive by making their own tools from natural materials.

While it’s no longer mainstream, with practice anyone can learn to make their own tools without modern equipment. These tools are always going to be useful, and need nothing more than wood, rock, twine, and know-how made perfect over time.

The featured video in this article shows how you can make simple tools from flint.

2. Find Your Own Food and Water

You may not think about this now that you have plenty of food stored up. In an SHTF scenario though, your supplies will run out, eventually.

You will need to know how to find alternate sources of food. Fortunately, the earth is brimming with edible plants and other food sources if you know where to look.

Plants and fungi that are safe for human consumption include morels, chanterelles, puffballs, polypores, Japanese knotweed, and dandelions. Knowing to tell fungi and plants apart is an indispensable survival skill.

3. Trap for Your Life

Foraging isn’t your only option for getting food in the wilderness. Learning how to build simple traps out of materials available around you could be a truly lifesaving skill.

Learn how to make one of our favorite primitive traps, the squirrel snare, here. Squirrel stew anyone?

4. How to Prepare a Rabbit for Eating

Whether you raise, hunt, or capture rabbits using a primitive trap, you need butchering skills to prepare them for eating. This article will teach you how to prep, kill, and butcher a rabbit — an essential primitive survival skill.

5. Find the Perfect Skinning Knife

This is a survival skill that’s been around since primitive times. Every hunter worth his salt should know this.

If you’re gonna skin your fresh kill, you can’t just use any old knife because they’re not all created equal. A skinning knife needs to be thin and curved so it cuts through the epidermis quite easily without damaging the meat.

It just doesn’t get any better than these 7 fixed blade knives. See the full list here:

— Survival Life (@SurvivalLF) August 10, 2016

6. Make Your Own Knives

In an SHTF situation, you can’t always just walk into a store and buy a weapon. You need to know how to make your own.

People have been making weapons since the beginning of time. These tutorials will increase your knowledge in making knives from stuff you use every day.

These 5 tips will also help you learn how to sharpen your knife effectively.

7. Make a Knife from an Old Wrench

Being resourceful will help you survive. As shops close and sources for personal defense weapons grow scarce, you may find yourself having to improvise.

Weaponry will be a major concern during a survival situation, so resourcefulness is key. This video will teach you how to turn common everyday items, like a wrench, into a knife.

8. Forging Your Own Weapons and Tools

Blacksmithing is a very important primitive survival skill. Not only can it help you make your own tools for your own survival, but it can also give you an edge to trade for other items you might need.

This at-home knife making furnace burner is perfect for any amateur blacksmith, grab it here.

9. Make Your Own Pack Basket

A pack basket is undeniably useful for quick transport. If bags are unavailable for you, you might need to make your own packs. The one in this tutorial is great for carrying camping supplies and other gear.

Wicker baskets like these are sturdy, self-standing, easy to pack, versatile, and durable. This article will teach you how to make them yourself.

10. Make Your Own Bow

Making your own bow is essential for your survival. There’s a reason why bows are still in use around the world today.

It is the most basic ranged weapon you can have and will put you in better situations when SHTF. Besides being a self-defense weapon, it is also a great hunting tool.

It is silent, light, and versatile. While it’s not easy to master, you’ll have a lot of time to get acquainted with it. Your bow will help you hunt your own food, and you can also use it as a weapon for self-defense.

11. Archery for Beginners

This article is perfect for beginners in learning the fundamentals of archery. Plus, it also shows the different kinds of bows you can use. This is one primitive survival skill you need to know.

12. Archery Sighting Exercises

Hunting with a bow and arrow takes hours of practice. By doing these exercises, you will be shooting with great accuracy in no time.

You don’t need to have top-of-the-line bow hunting accessories to hunt well using just a compound bow. Keep in mind though, that constant practice is the only thing that will make you really accurate with this weapon.

Take the time to know your weapon and understand its strengths and weaknesses.

13. Bow Shooting in Detail

For those who learn better visually, this infographic will show you how to shoot a bow and arrow in detail.

14. Archery from a Female Perspective

Archery is a little different for women due to differences in weight distribution and upper body strength. This video shows how women can best use the bow and arrow.

It teaches the stance and release, as well as the follow-through techniques. While being a lone wolf is appealing, you will inevitably hook up with a group to survive.

So, you should learn how to teach the fairer sex about properly defending themselves to increase your chances of survival.

15. Hone Your Fishing Skills

When SHTF, it’s all about going back to your roots, and this means capturing fish for food. But even if you’ve never been fishing, don’t you worry.

Being a great fisherman is a skill that takes practice and precision… and a little redneck ingenuity. This article will teach you how to combine all three.

Fishing will be a major food source for you during survival situations. Learning how to efficiently fish will ensure a steady food supply for years to come.

Another one of my favorite fishing hacks is this tiny but incredibly effective paracord fishing pod. You can get one for free HERE and it’a full of the items below — basically everything you need for some emergency/SHTF fishing.

16. Identifying Animal Tracks

A lot of your time will be spent foraging and hunting for food. A skill you will need to learn when hunting is tracking.

This includes being able to tell which animals leave which tracks. Rabbits leave different prints than gophers and squirrels, for example.

This survival knowledge will help you catch your next meal in the shortest time possible. Plus, it can help you avoid dangerous animals as well.

17. Staying on Course Without a Map or a Compass

Can you find your way without a GPS? There are a lot of tools available out there that can help you stay on course, even if you don’t have a compass or working phone.

Our ancestors used the stars to find their way, and so can you. Learning how to tell directions using only the sky is a primitive survival skill that will save your life in a pinch.

18. Fortify Your Emergency Shelter

You can protect yourself from harsher elements in the wild by making DIY cement for your emergency shelter. While having a thatched hut may be enough for you, it’s not exactly a long-term solution.

Learn how to make a more resilient shelter and ensure long-term survival.

19. Going Ballistic Old School Style

While it’s true that you should never bring a knife to a gun fight, you’ve gotta keep in mind that a gun eventually runs out of ammo. Knives don’t.

If you run out of ammo, you can use your knife as an effective throwing tool to incapacitate or deliver a fatal blow to an animal or a hostile intruder.

Make your ancestors proud by learning how to make fire. Thanks to azfilmcompany for this video:

Modern day technology has made living so much easier but when all else fails and SHTF, these primitive survival skills will be absolutely vital. One can only prepare for an SHTF situation for so long, and things may fall through the cracks.

Learning how to do a lot of things without the help of modern tech will put you at an advantage in a society that’s become very enamored with its tech comforts. Remember, when everything collapses, you can only depend on yourself for survival.

We hope these survival tips and tricks can help you out in dire situations in the future. Keep going, survivalist!

Do you have any primitive survival skills or tips to share? Let us know in the comments section below!

For awesome survival gear, you can’t make at home, check out the Survival Life Store!

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Editor’s Note: This post was originally published on June 11, 2018, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.

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Everybody likes to pull a trigger and hear a bang, the bigger the bang the better. There is something gratifying about the report of a large caliber rifle and the smell of gunpowder. In reality, for most survival situations a traditional rifle is technically overkill. In all but self-defense between another human or dangerous animal and hunting large game a powder driven rifle delivers far more force than is necessary to achieve your objective. When considering what goes into preparing for a prolonged survival situation with a powder fed rifle there is an alternative that is very attractive on several fronts. That alternative is the air rifle, in this case, the Gamo Silent Stalker Whisper IGT.

While the Gamo Silent Stalker Whisper is the air rifle I am reviewing, let’s take a moment to go over some of the benefits of owning an air rifle as a prepper. With an air rifle you need not worry about reloading or storing expensive ammo. Bulk air rifle pellets, such as the ones fired by the Silent Stalker are so inexpensive nearly everyone can stock up a lifetime supply. As I write this you can get 1250 pellets for around $25. Storing enough ammo for a grid down situation will not break the bank when compared to even .22lr. With all of that ammo one can afford to practice and become a deadly shot.

Second, everyone dreams of bringing down big game, one shot; lots of meat, but consider that the air rifle can put plenty of food on the table. In reality, Squirrels, Grouse, Rabbits, Turkey, Possum, and pheasant and many more small animals become fair game for anyone deftly wielding an air rifle. There is plenty of punch with this air rifle to put food on your table.

Loose bolts, useless scopes

Let us talk about the Gamo Silent Stalker Whisper itself. In the end it was a really good air rifle, so read on, but not before I had to spend time tweaking it. Out of the box many of the bolts were loose and required tightening. It actually affected the accuracy of the weapon. The bolts that secured the stock were loose and gave the barrel side to side play. While not a huge deal, it was easily corrected and once corrected the accuracy was much improved.

The scope that came with the gun was also a throw away. No amount of tweaking could put the crosshairs on where the gun was actually shooting. I ended up replacing it with a Leapers UTG 3-9×40 AO Rifle Scope. It was when the bolts were properly tightened and the scope zeroed in that the rifle began to show it’s true colors.

Air Power

This gun is NOT a toy. A surprising amount of power is on tap at the squeeze of the trigger. Using the GAMO’s premier pellets it can easily blow a hole right through a substantial amount of wood. I was shooting at a piece of pallet wood and without fail the pellets passed completely through, every time. In fact, quite a few times the pellets traveled right through the pallet and securely lodged themselves in a wooden chair that was securing my target. While intended targets of this rifle might be small game it certainly has the power with a properly placed shot to bring down larger game in a survival situation in a last resort. The same goes for self-defense, I would not want to be on the receiving end of this air rifle.

Once properly sighted in with the Leaper’s Scope the Silent Whisper proved to be very accurate. Using the Artillery Hold from about 25 yards I was able to toss most pellets through a 2” circle with all of them landing within the second circle that measures 4”. While not a sub-MOA sniper rifle, the accuracy of the Silent Whisper is good enough to confidently shoot within its effective range.

The Silent Stalker employs a feature that is newer to the air rifle, namely the Inert Gas Technology piston. Instead of relying on a spring this rifle calls upon a gas piston for its power. There are a few significant advantages of this system. First, you can leave it cocked without compromising spring integrity. Leaving a spring powered rifle can compromise the power of the gun over time. With the IGT system you don’t have to worry about that. The gun also fires well in all temperatures. A springer has grease and oils on the spring and in cold weather the lube will thicken causing the gun to lose power. This is not the case with IGT. It smoothly fires in all conditions.

Silence..most of the time

Well, the gun is called the Silent Stalker Whisper. When using regular pellets this is the case. Being quiet when firing regular bulk pellets tells me one thing, they are subsonic. There are many survival situations where a silent weapon is beneficial, namely you can use the weapon without alerting an adversary as to your position. The premier pellets are a different story. Travelling at up to 1300 fps means they are supersonic and are accompanied by a mini sonic boom. While the extreme speed of these pellets can increase accuracy and also adds to the stopping power the report is something to consider. You will not be practicing with premier pellets in a suburban back yard without attracting some major attention, think “almost .22”.

Notable features

The Silent Stalker also includes a few added bonuses not found on some air rifles:

In a prolonged grid down situation you have to consider the reliability of any tool. Machines with moving parts wear out and an air rifle is no exception. One broken part and your rifle becomes a club. I might suggest if you are considering a rifle to also purchase some of the more common spare parts, like O-rings. Gamo offers these parts on their site. A few extra spare O-rings can vastly extend the life of your air rifle.

An air rifle is a must on any prepper’s list. In lots of cases it may be all you can afford when stocking up on a lifetime of ammo is considered. Once the aforementioned tweaks are made to this rifle it is a competent machine. If I was making a decision on an air rifle the Gamo Silent Stalker Whisper would be at the top of the list.

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What things do you consider when you set out to start a homestead? What things are important, what things can be thought about later? Any survival homestead is going to need land to grow food, quality water, and even a means to generate power. In setting off on a journey to start a homestead you …

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Every prepper should definitely consider purchasing a pellet rifle, and I’m not talking about Ralphie’s Red Ryder BB gun from A Christmas Story. No I’m talking about a 1200-1300 fps (feet per second) .177 or .22 caliber pellet air rifle that can take small game like rabbits and squirrels in silence. Taking small game is just …

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Preppers: The Power Grid Is Down but the Chores Continue

The devil is always in the details, and the simplest of things can become monumental tasks if you have not prepared for them.

Dish Washing

Take washing dishes for example. You will need a plan in place for washing dishes and you may not be able to wash them inside your home for any number of reasons. You will of course need a cleaning solution, dishcloths, steel wool, sponges that have an abrasive side and dishpans.

Salt and sand can be used as an abrasive if nothing else is available. Salt is many times used to clean cast iron cookware.

Today you may use an automatic dishwasher, or stop up one side of the sink and fill with hot tap water and a few drops of dish soap. When the power goes out and the faucets deliver nothing but air, then what do you do. If you are connected to a sewer system, you may not be able to use your drains in some cases, so dishwashing must be done elsewhere.

Municipalities are likely to close the floodgates during a crisis to prevent sewage from entering the system so there is not a backup at the waste processing area. This means you cannot use your drains.

Dishpans, you would need two and possibly three. Have one tub to wash in, one to rinse in and possibly one for sanitation. Wash, rinse and then sanitize. Sanitation will be important, even more so during a crisis so make sure you have common household bleach that contains sodium hypochlorite as its active ingredient. It should contain between 5.25 and 6.0 percent. Do not use bleach with any additives, such as fragrances, or use bleach that states it is splash proof, because it will contain thickening agents.

Never mix any other chemicals with bleach

A ¼ cup of bleach to a gallon of water would make a strong solution and a tablespoon of bleach to a gallon of water is considered a weak solution.

Use the weak solution for sanitation of dishes, silverware, drinking cups/glasses and children’s’ non-porous toys. Items must remain in the solution for at least one minute, and then let air dry. Use the strong solution for sanitation of countertops, bathrooms, door handles and any hard non-porous surface and then let the surfaces air dry.

Cutting the Grass

You may not have access to fuel for your lawn mowers, but this does not mean that you let the grass grow wild. High grasses around the home invite snakes, ticks, field mice, chiggers and a host of other pests. Additionally, high grasses can conceal intruders, shooters or anyone looking to enter the property for nefarious reasons. If the grass dries out it can become a fire hazard as well.

There are Reel mowers that you can use but they are not efficient if the grass gets too high. They are hand operated (push) mowers that have a set of rotating blades. They are difficult to push through heavy grass however. You can also use a grass sickle or a larger scythe, which is typically used for grain harvests. You will need honing oils and a large enough whetstone and/or the proper file to sharpen the blades on the mower as well as the sickle/scythe.

You may have to, or prefer to bathe outdoors in warm weather. In years past people used galvanized tubs that were filled from rain runoff usually from off the roof. The tub once filled was allowed to warm in the sun. In cold weather, you would have to bathe indoors, and have a means of heating the water for bathing.

Rainwater is soft water and you will be surprised how well your skin will feel after bathing in rainwater. You should have a collection method to collect rainwater for bathing, irrigation and for emergency drinking water once filtered and purified.

Have bar soap, washcloths and towels along with a galvanized pail for transferring water from rain collection vessels to your bathtub. Bar soap is better suited for emergencies because it is easy to store, will not leak and virtually never expires and it can be used for the hair if shampoo is not available.

You can make an ad hoc outdoor shower system by hanging a sprinkling can from a tree limb using cordage or some other adequate hook that can hold the weight and allows the can to be tilted.

Paint the can black for better thermal radiation absorption. Hang the can filled with water and allow the water to warm up in the sunlight. Once ready, simply tilt the sprinkler to wet your body, soap and then rinse.

You may very well have to cook over an open flame so you will need cooking utensils that can withstand the heat. Cast iron is probably the best for open flame or charcoal grill cooking. Aluminum pots and pans with or without non-stick coatings may not hold up and plastic utensils certainly will not. You will need stainless steel spatulas, tongs, and spoons and so on for cooking over open flame. Cast iron Dutch ovens can be used to cook virtually any type of meal and they can be used for baking breads and even for making desserts.

Make sure you have potholders or gloves that are adequate for the job and never use wet or damp cloth to grasp any hot handle or surface.

In most cases, you can only go a few days before the laundry is piled up. You cannot wear dirty clothes for long. Soiled clothing has reduced insulating properties in cold weather and dirty clothes harbor bacteria as well.

You will need a tub, soap, stirring or agitation paddle, a way to heat water and a means of drying the clothes. Drying outside on a line is the most efficient. You can invest in clothing racks for drying clothes indoors or out, or simply string heavy gauge rubberized wire or heavy cordage. Bare metal cable will leave rust stains on your clothing.

You can wash clothes in your bathtub or sinks if you can use your drains. You will have to work at rinsing and wringing the clothes out however. Wet clothes are heavy and dragging dripping clothes throughout the house to hang outside is a chore so wring them out well.

In cold weather, hanging wet clothes inside will cool the room off but also will add humidity to the air, which by the way may be needed if you are heating with wood or coal. In hot weather, hanging wet clothes in front of window with a breeze coming in will help cool the room off.

The above mentioned are common everyday chores that most people perform daily, and the methods used are often times taken for granted. Without electricity, gas or running water these chores become real burdens and yet they must be performed almost daily. Do not let common everyday chores create big problems during a crisis, simply because you were not prepared.

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Do you have emergency food supplies at home? If you don’t, you might want to start thinking about stockpiling shelf-stable food items for long-term use. They could come in handy when you least expect it. Here are some reasons why you should consider food storage for your everyday life, even if

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Many folks gloss over canning meats, but there are some benefits to getting into the habit. Have you ever considered what you would do with that side of beef in your freezer if the power went out permanently? Sure, you can scramble to save it, or install an expensive solar backup for your freezer, but …

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No post-apocalyptic movie is complete without the stripped hulks of a few cars lying around. They’re the perfect disaster scene dressing, because, of course, when society collapses vehicles will get abandoned. People run out of gas, have a mechanical failure or meet a roadblock, so they ditch their car and walk away. And, obviously, the cars get stripped because switched-on preppers aren’t going to leave all that useful stuff lying around.

We take cars for granted, but they’re complex machines stuffed with a lot of material and technology. A typical modern car is more than a ton of metal, plastic and electrics – and even if it’s been disabled by an accident or an EMP there’s a lot of stuff in there you can salvage and put to use. If the SHTF and you find an abandoned vehicle, don’t think “Junk”. It’s really a treasure stash of materials .

Just for safety’s sake, make very sure a vehicle is abandoned before you get your pliers out and start ripping bits off. If the owner has just parked up and gone behind a bush to do his business, he isn’t going to be very happy when he comes back and finds you happily stripping his car down to a skeleton. Once you’re certain nobody’s coming back for it, though, start scavenging. Here are some suggestions:

1. Cabin clutter

Check the glove box, door pockets, console and under the seats. People keep all sorts of things in their cars, and if they abandon the vehicle in a hurry they might leave some useful stuff behind. Flashlights, maps – very useful if GPS is down – and food are all likely items.

Always check the trunk. Some people always keep emergency gear in their car and, depending on why they abandoned it, they might have left the gear behind. Others might have been trying to escape whatever disaster has happened, and loaded the car with possessions before they left. Trunks are a potential source of spare clothes, food, blankets, even camping gear.

2. Tools

Many cars come with tool-kits, so check the trunk. Pliers, screwdrivers and wrenches are always good to have. Even if you already have tools there’s no harm in picking up some spares. For example, here’s a list of tools that you will need when SHTF.

3. Fuel

In a disaster scenario a lot of the cars you find will be abandoned because they ran out of fuel – but others will still have some in the tank. With a length of hose and a pry bar you can get the filler caps off and siphon the remaining fuel out into a container. Just feed one end of the hose into the tank, suck on the other end until the fuel almost reaches your mouth – the almost is important – then quickly lower that end until it’s below the other one and let the fuel flow out into your canister. Even if you already have a fuel reserve for your own vehicle and generator, a bit more won’t hurt.retrieving gas from car

Never try to drain a gas tank by punching a hole in it. Real gas tanks aren’t as explosive as the Hollywood kind, but there’s still a risk of a spark setting off the vapor inside. If you’re nearby when that happens it’s going to ruin your day.

4. Fluids

If you carry a survival kit you should keep some potassium permanganate crystalsin it. This has a lot of uses, including water purification and as a disinfectant, but if you can drain some antifreeze from a vehicle you can also use it to start a fire. Mix the two 50:50 and in a few seconds it will ignite.

Oil, brake fluid and screen wash can also be drained from vehicles and used to top up your own. Screen wash also makes a useful disinfectant – it’s a mix of water and alcohol.

5. Battery

If you have solar panels or a wind turbine at home, and you know some basic electrics, you can rig a bank of car batteries to store excess power and use it when it’s dark or the wind isn’t blowing. The more batteries, the more power you can store; never pass up the chance to collect another one and wire it into your system.

6. Wiring

Copper wire has a lot of uses, and vehicles contain yards of it. An hour’s work with some basic tools will get you a collection of cables in various sizes. These can be used for electrical projects or stripped to get at the wire. Copper wire is a great material for making snares.

7. Hub caps

A lot of snow vehicle have alloy wheels, and the ones that do have hub caps often have plastic ones, but if you do find some old-fashioned metal hub caps they can be useful – for example, scrub one clean and use it as an improvised skillet.

8. Mirrors

A mirror is a good way to send distress signals, but the steel ones found in survival kits aren’t great. A salvaged rearview mirror will do a much better job. Wing mirrors are hard to get off the car, but the actual mirror can be pried out with a knife.

9. Upholstery

There’s a lot of fabric in a car, some of it very hard wearing. If you’re sleeping rough, seat covers will make a good waterproof groundsheet to keep the damp away from you. The headliner will make a light blanket – it’s not that warm, but a lot better than nothing.

10. Seat belts

Need straps? Lengths of seat belt are extremely strong. Pull them out to full extension then slice them off at the reel. Lengths of seat belt make ideal straps for an improvised rucksack, or for lashing loads on a wagon or sled. Multiple lengths fastened between two poles give you an effective stretcher. You can cut the belts lengthwise into narrower strips if you need more length and less strength, but check every so often to make sure it’s not starting to fray. If you have the time you can unravel the fabric to get tough fibers that work for fishing line, sewing thread or – after boiling – belt shtf

11. Bodywork

If you can haul large chunks of steel around, you’ll find uses for them. Doors, trunk lids and hoods can be used to build lean-to(s) or animal enclosures. A hood will make a strong, weatherproof roof for a small shed.

12. Spare parts

Finally, and most obviously, look out for abandoned vehicles the same make and model as your own – and when you find one, strip out everything you can. If you can tow it home, or get a truck and chain-fall to it, that even includes the engine. The more parts you have, the lower the chance of your own one being terminally immobilized by a breakdown.

Look for generic parts as well. Air and oil filters, wiper blades, bulbs and fuses – anything that will fit yours and can be scrounged.

Abandoned vehicles can be a nuisance. They block roads, generally clutter the place up and can even be a fire hazard. They’re also a valuable resource, though. In an emergency situation you should never walk past an abandoned car without searching it for anything useful, and in the long term you should locate every hulk within range of your home and strip it bare. You might never need the materials you recover, but who knows? If you ever do need a dozen hubcaps in a hurry, it’s easier to get them from a stack in your yard than to try and remember where you’ve seen some.

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Deer are one of the most common game animals across North America, and like people, they succumb to many diseases. With deer season upon us it is important for hunters to be able to recognize some of the common diseases that plague deer. These diseases are generally not contagious to humans, but if a local …

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Most topics on “bugging out” revolve around gear lists. Having the proper gear to survive and a plan to get you to your destination is important. Understanding what can happen to you during the journey and preparing for contingencies will greatly increase your chances of success. So check out this excellent article below by our …

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