First a little background, a chemistry lesson if you will, before we get started. Ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol is also known as ethanol or even better known as “drinking alcohol”. Its chemical compound is C2H5OH, and it is produced by fermentation.
Ethanol is, different from Isopropyl alcohol (C3H80), which is more commonly known as rubbing alcohol. Do not confuse the two. Both are produced by the fermentation process however, the fermenting agent for isopropyl is a bacterium while, ethyl uses a yeast.
Caution: Isopropyl alcohol is converted in the liver into acetone making it toxic, in other words, it will kill you if consumed.
Ethanol is not converted into a toxin in the liver and so can be consumed.
Okay So What Are the Uses for Ethanol during a Crisis: The Alcohol You Can Also Consume?
1.) Grain Alcohol as a Disinfectant for Wounds
Ethanol can be used for wound irrigation and as a topical disinfectant in an emergency. It works to kill bacteria by denaturing proteins and by dissolving lipids. However, even though it will destroy certain bacteria in and around wounds, it also destroys cell tissue, because of how it reacts to proteins, in other words it is caustic, and can cause tissue damage in some cases.
In an emergency killing deadly bacterium in cuts and wounds is the priority. Just remember you can damage the tissue in and around the area with prolonged use.
How Do You Know How Much Alcohol Is In A Bottle of Vodka for Example
In the United States the actual grain alcohol content is defined as twice the percentage of alcohol by volume. In other words 100-proof equals 50 percent alcohol by volume while, 86-proof equals 43 percent alcohol by volume for example.
When purchasing alcohol for future use as a disinfectant once the SHTF purchase the highest proof available for greater alcohol content by volume. 
2.) Disinfectant for Instruments/Surfaces
Ethanol evaporates quickly so in some cases, contact with surfaces may not be long enough to kill the bacteria. Therefore, when disinfecting knife blades, thermometers, scalpels and so on, submerged the surfaces in the solution if possible, versus just wiping or spraying them down with the solution. Pour enough solution in a glass or basin so the entire surface to be disinfected can be submerged. Wipe down eating/food preparation surfaces and leave wet, and then reapply for best results as it dries.
3.) Mouth Wash
Simply swish around for at least one minute and spit out, to help destroy bacteria in the mouth particularly at the gum line and in between teeth. Force the solution between the teeth to remove food particles and to reach crevices where bacteria are harbored.
4.) Destroy Mold Spores
Moisture is what mold spores thrive on, so depriving them of their life blood if you will, can help control its growth and eventually destroy the mold. Alcohol displaces water, and as the alcohol evaporates it creates a gas that floats from the surface with the water molecules clinging to it .
By the way the vapor is what is flammable so stayed tuned for more on this later in the article.
5.) Help remove Water from Pet and Human Ears
Dogs in particular can have problems with their ears because of water collecting in them. A few drops of alcohol can help displace the water in your pet’s ear, as well as, your own ears to help keep bacteria at bay. Some people state that equal parts of white vinegar and alcohol works better than just using alcohol by itself for removing water from the ear canals.
6.) Kill Odor in Clothing and Confined Areas
Vodka is the preferred room deodorizer for some people because it is clear with no apparent odor. It is sprayed in the air to kill odor causing bacteria. Keep in mind grain alcohol is not effective against spores, so it will do little to reduce certain allergens and bacteria in the spores floating in the air. Spray the solution in shoes, on bedding and clothes and then let air dry in the sunlight if possible to destroy odors.
7.) Fire Starter
Bartenders and those that like to experiment will do what is called “float” alcohol on other alcohol to create a floating flame. Bacardi 151 for example, will float on top of a drink with lower alcohol content, and thus can be ignited without igniting the product. The same applies to cooking certain foods. You have probably seen chefs splash a little alcohol in a fry pan and then tilt it so the vapor makes contact with the gas cooking flame.
It is all about the vapor and to use alcohol to start a fire you have to move quickly. Soak a piece of cloth, and then put your dry tinder on top, so the vapor flows up through the tinder. In most cases the cloth itself will not ignite before the alcohol has burned off, so it is important you have dry tinder on top. Otherwise you will simply burn off the alcohol from the cloth without actually igniting the cloth. The flame is nearly invisible in daylight. Typically alcohol at 80-proof or more can be ignited rather easily.
8.) Barter Item
It was debated as to whether or not to mention alcohol and bartering, because some find it so obvious of a choice for a bartering item that it goes without saying. For those that have been prepping for years however, you have to keep in mind some are just getting started and so what may seem obvious to you will not be so obvious to others.
Even if you do not drink alcohol others do. In fact alcohol consumption is at record levels, so someone is drinking it, and just because the SHTF does not mean people will stop drinking it if it is available. Make sure it is available , because it can be traded for other items you may desperately need.
Stockpile a variety and remember you do get what you pay for, so spend a little extra because quality will pay off.
9.) Used As a Deodorant for Body and Feet
Bacteria need moisture to grow and growing bacteria cause odors. We already know that alcohol displaces moisture, which will in turn kill off bacteria. Use it on the body to help with body odor, particularly odor problems with your feet. Some people even soak their feet in vodka, for example, to help control foot odor when you cannot wash your feet regularly.
10.) Bug Repellent
Alcohol blended with certain other compounds, olive oil, for example, can be used as a bug repellent that can be rubbed on the skin. Again, the go to choice for many is vodka. Mix equal parts together and rub on exposed skin.
How it works to repel or kill certain insects is not entirely clear, but studies have shown it does work to some extent. Possibly the displacement of moisture creates certain results or the ingredients in the alcohol are toxic to some insects. There are plenty of myths and rumors surrounding many so-called home remedies, so experiment safely to find out what works best for you.
Obviously, the above listed uses for grain alcohol are not the only uses during a crisis. Do some research and if you experiment do so safely and come up with some more uses for “drinking alcohol” once the SHTF.

This content was originally published here.

US Coin Silver Content Infographic

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Silver has often been called “Poor Man’s Gold” because it is so much more affordable than gold. The value of silver has been trading around $17/oz, compared to gold which trades around $1276/oz. So for the price of one ounce of gold, you could buy roughly 75 ounces of silver, which is a great investment.

Silver is not just an investment but it is also a hedge against inflation. As dollars become less valuable, the value of silver will naturally go up. The price of silver will almost immediately spike if the Federal Reserve puts more money into circulation and cause inflation. Inflation will always have a positive effect on the prices of gold and silver. This is why it is important to invest now.

Each year more silver is being used more than it is mined and because it is so cheap, exploration has virtually stopped. Silver inventories are quickly running out and this is another reason why now is the time to invest in silver. Scientific American predicts that all of the silver in the world will be used up by 2029. So by then, the value of silver will be so high and this may become a favorable choice in coinage and trading. So I have created this helpful and informative infographic to help you find silver in your everyday pocket change.

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Bugs may not seem like the ideal meal to Americans, but eating insects is a common practice in Asian and African countries. Here’s list of bugs you can eat:

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Losing power at anytime can create serious disruptions in your everyday life, however, when it is cold out it not only creates disruptions it can become deadly. Ideally, you are prepared for disruptions in cold weather, and have paid particular attention to keeping everyone warm during a power outage.
Things You Can Do before the Power Goes Out
If the local forecast calls for weather that could disrupt your power such as ice and heavy snows, you can take steps before the power goes that will be beneficial to you during the outage.
Turn up your refrigerators and freezers to the highest setting. You want the foods inside as cold as possible for when the power does go out. Considering combing contents into one refrigerator or freezer because the more food items inside of a freezer or refrigerator the longer the foods will maintain a safe temperature. Remember to turn down the settings when the power is restored.
Once the power goes out avoid opening the doors. Refrigerators if full can maintain a safe temperature in some cases up to 6 hours, while a full freezer can maintain safe temperatures up to 48 hours and one that is half full up to 24 hours.
Any perishable foods that have been stored above 40° F for more than two hours will need to be discarded.
Make sure all cell phones and other devices are fully charged before the power goes out, and check all flashlights and other battery operated devices.
Fill your bathtubs with water to use for toilet flushing and other sanitation needs. You can use the water for drinking only after proper purification unless you use a waterBOB .
If you rely on electricity for your heat then you will need to essentially close off portions of the home to conserve what heat is in the home. If you have a wood burning fireplace, or have a gas burning one then of course, this would be the room to gather in, otherwise pick a room that everyone can stay in and likely sleep in as well.
Your emergency supplies should have Mylar emergency blankets , wool blankets, sleeping bags , and consider bubble wrap as well. Bubble wrap can be used as an insulator between you and the floor. The material of course is made of air filled chambers. The air chambers will provide insulation and cushioning for sleeping.
The wrap can also be placed over windows to reduce heat conduction. Cut the wrap to fit and then wet the glass slightly and then place the wrap over the glass, it will cling to the glass.
People that are chilled or you suspect may be in the early stages of hypothermia can be wrapped in the material to help control the core body temperature in an emergency.
Hang Mylar or other blankets in doorways to reflect heat back into the room you are staying in and they can be placed over windows and outside doors as well.
Water pipes may freeze so make sure they are well insulated , and if you still believe they may freeze during an outage you can shut off the main water supply and open all faucets to drain the lines. Make sure you shut off the power to the hot water tank before shutting off the main water supply. The water in the tank will stay warm for hours, so it can be used for bathing and other needs or used as an emergency drinking water source after it has been filtered and purified. Attach a hose to the drain spigot to get water from the tank once you have shut off the main water supply. 
Snow banks can be used as emergency refrigerators during a power outage. Try to find areas that receive the least amount of sunshine. Radiant heat from sunlight will warm up surfaces beyond what the air temperature is. This is why you will see snow melting on surfaces even when the air temperature is below freezing. The food items will need to be under as much snow as possible and in waterproof containers.
Snow can be melted for drinking water but it must be warmed before drinking so you do not lower your core body temperature. If there are no obvious contaminates melted snow can generally be consumed without purification. However, if you suspect contamination then purify the water. If the snow has been contaminated with any chemicals then it cannot be used for any purposes. Do not consume water from melted icicles that hang from the roofline without purifying first.
Small propane heaters that are rated for indoor use will typically have a low oxygen shutoff valve. The valve will not allow a flame when there is not enough fresh oxygen in the room. Always use any heating device with caution and kerosene heaters, charcoal Hibachis and other fossil fuel devices should never be used in any confined space.
Consider a Generator
A transfer switch can be added so the generator is essentially wired to the home’s electrical system but this must be done by a professional. If you do it yourself and it is not done properly electricity generated can flow back through the lines hurting anyone working on the lines. This is important.
Fuel Supply for Heat and Cooking
If you have a wood fireplace then you will need an ample supply of wood that is accessible. Before the storm bring some wood close to the house so you do have to carry it through the snow or try to navigate icy surfaces with an armload of wood.    
One pound propane bottles are the only containers rated for indoor use and they can be used with camp stoves and small heaters as well as lanterns. 
Avoid outside as much as possible, because ice and snow or broken limbs may have brought power lines down. Ice sliding off of roofs can be a hazard as well, not to mention falling trees and limbs because of heavy layers of ice buildup.
To protect your electronic devices you should connect your devices to surge protectors of good quality. Unplugging the devices can prevent damage from power surges once power is restored.

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The saying, “If you cannot protect what is yours then you do not own it”, is often cited when discussing home security. However, for most people it is merely an academic discussion because it has never happened to them, nor is it likely to ever happen. It sounds simple enough when being discussed over coffee or a beer, but the reality is of course much different.

It will be assumed that law enforcement is not available, neighbors are of no help, and that the intruders are armed. Society is in turmoil, and some police and others in authority have already abandoned their post to take care of their own homes and families. You are on your own for the time being.

You and your spouse/partner are the only ones that can get your home back. You both had left to gather information, and when you came back you found your home occupied by an unknown number of people.

Even the most heavily guarded installations can be overrun, and then those forced out, are left looking in. Once this happens can you retake your home, or any structure for that matter that has been overrun and is now in the hands of others.

It is also assumed the intruders are not there to grab a few supplies and then hot foot it out of the home. They want the home for shelter as well as the all of the supplies. They want all the comforts of your home, and asking nicely will not get them to leave.

If You Have Not Planned and Prepared For It Then It Is Unlikely You Would Prevail

The first decision you have to make is it worth it. Is it worth a fight, where others including yourself may be injured or killed, to get your home and supplies back. If the answer is yes, you will do what it takes to reclaim what is yours then start planning now for the possibility.

First, bury survival caches close by, with an emphasis on firearms and ammunition, then food, water, medical supplies and any other supplies you will need to sustain yourself as the drama unfolds. You may need temporary shelter as well, because the standoff may last for several days.

Other items you can cache that could be used to help you retake your home would include smoke bombs, tear gas and/or pepper spray, non-lethal rounds such as rubber slugs and beanbag rounds. Have respirators cached for your own protection.

You may also need insulated heavy duty wire cutters, bolt cutters, rope, and some type of portable/collapsible ladder, shovel, and a fire ax. Include heavy duty gloves and a bee suit or some other form of protection against bee stings. Have an ample supply of zip ties that can be used for wrist and ankle restraints.

Cache some materials that can be used to stop up chimneys and stove pipes and this could include rags and heavy duty plastic sheeting or garbage bags as long as the stove pipe or opening is not so hot it melts or ignites the material.

You need a hiding place close by, as well, where you can shelter, and so you are out of sight of the home as well. If those that have taken over your home assume you have run off scared they may reduce their defensive posture a few notches, so do not hover where they can see you unless you are ready to start the festivities.

Simply engaging those inside in a firefight would not be practical. You will use up ammunition, damage the home and you might very well get injured or killed. They are inside shooting out at you and you are hiding behind bushes trying to keep from getting shot.

Your objective is to get them outside so they can be engaged on equal ground, so they can be shot, disabled, and/or captured. You want them confused and maybe even mad and scared if possible so they make bad decisions. Use non-lethal rounds if you do not want to kill or seriously injure anyone.

1.) Can you disrupt the power source, steal the gasoline for the generator, and/or sabotage the generator. Can you cut the cables using the insulated cutters to solar panels, can you shut down any wind or hydro power source by cutting cables or disabling any components.

2.) Smoke bombs can be placed so it appears the structure is on fire forcing them outside.

3.) A Hornets nest can be tossed inside the home by smashing a window. Angry hornets will run anyone out of the home. This is why you would need protective clothing.

4.) Can you disrupt the water source by cutting or otherwise disrupting any water lines? Can you empty water storage tanks? Look for ways to disrupt them inside, to force them outside.

5.) Tear gas and pepper spray can be used to force them out unless you have a supply of respirators or gas masks laying around for them to use.

6.) Rope, or wire cables can be strung to trip anyone running from the home, or place the rope/cables along avenues of escape. Make sure you can avoid the traps while those running after you cannot.

7.) If the home has a wood burning stove or fireplace and it is in use, you can plug up the chimney/stovepipe to force smoke back in the home. This is providing you can get on to, and off the roof safely and without being detected. This is where planning comes into play. Rope ladders can be secured in nearby trees, out buildings or hidden elsewhere that could help you get down from the roof. Rope ladders would not be much help getting you on the roof, so you have to plan for this, but they can help you get down if they can be somehow secured.

8.) Some extreme measures could be recordings of large barking dogs or other animal sounds that could instill fear in anyone inside the home. Recordings of people shouting and dogs barking may give the impression there is a much larger force than there really is outside ready to attack. This takes prior planning and materials, but it can be done if you are serious about taking back your home.

There are measures, other than listed that can be taken of course and some are more extreme than others are. This is simply an academic exercise to get you to think about certain scenarios. There are no guarantees that the above listed measures would work, and by no means are any of them recommended except in the most extreme situations, and no one should consider them unless they have certain training and demonstrated skill sets.

The above listed scenario is not likely to ever happen, but if you are serious about planning for a SHTF situation, then you have to plan for all possibilities.

This content was originally published here.

First, a question, do you scrape your magnesium bar to get fine particles or do you shave it to get curls.

High quality magnesium shavings will burn at approximately 5600° F/3093° C. The magnesium content in the bars available at camping stores and other retail outlets can vary. The percentage of magnesium would not be 100 percent. Other metal alloys are mixed in, and the more alloys contained in the stick the lower the burning temperature.

While magnesium sticks or bars are ideal for fire starting there are some things to consider before heading out to the backcountry with one.

Magnesium is impervious to water and temperature and when in mass form it is very stable, but when in particle form it is highly flammable and can be ignited from a single spark.

Magnesium shavings are light, so if you are trying to scrape enough together when it is breezy out you can find it very difficult to get the shavings and tinder paired up. You can shave the stick with a knife blade to create curls, which can be handled for better placement in a tinder bundle.

Tip: Cut a hacksaw blade down to sizes that can be paired up with your magnesium sticks. Attach to the sticks using “Ranger Bands“, so you always have a piece of metal available. Use the blade pieces for shaving the sticks and for creating a spark with the Ferro rod that is usually imbedded in the stick.

To get curls in the field you would likely have to use a knife blade. Handle the blade carefully. Use just a small section of blade near the Quillon for better control of the blade, and so you do not dull more of the cutting edge than necessary.

Prepare Ahead Of Time

Magnesium sticks can be drilled at home to create curls of magnesium that are easy to handle and store. Store them in an old pill bottle along with cotton balls or other dry tinder. Go slow and let the bit slowly create curls as it works its way through the stick. The curl size will depend on the drill bit size.

Another method that can be done ahead of time involves duct tape and cotton balls. Optional items would be dryer lint and paraffin to create fireballs that can burn for several minutes, up to ten minutes in some cases, which would allow you to start fires in damp/wet conditions.

Lay out a six inch strip of duct tape adhesive side up and then shave your magnesium bar over the tape. Make sure the shavings are adhered well and sprinkled along the entire strip of tape. Next, shave the magnesium bar over some cotton balls making sure the shavings become imbedded in the cotton fibers. You can now simply roll the cotton balls up in the tape. Tape off one end, and then either tape off the other end, or drip some melted wax in the end to create a plug to keep any loose magnesium shavings inside the fireball.

Make as many fireballs as you think you might need and store so they remain dry. Old pill bottles are ideal storage containers.

The wax plug can melt under some conditions, or it may simply fall out. You have to decide what would work best for you. When ready to use, remove the tape/plug and fluff some of the cotton ball that is visible and ignite the fireball with a spark.

Variations of this would include dipping the cotton balls in petroleum jelly, or dip them in wax and then roll up in the tape. If dipping in wax keep in mind wax cannot be ignited by a spark, it would require a flame.

You can experiment with wax and magnesium shavings, but again, you would probably still need a flame to ignite. A fireball created from wax and magnesium however, would likely burn long enough to ignite larger pieces of combustibles.

You do not want to make fire starting complicated. It is easy enough to experiment in your backyard, but you do not want to experiment out in the field. You want methods that are known to work under virtually any conditions.

Dryer lint can be used instead of cotton balls. However, unless you only dry cotton material or other organic materials in your dryer, the synthetic fibers contained in much of the clothing today are not as flammable, and certain clothing/bedding especially for children is treated with a fire retardant.

Do not pull the lint out of the lint tray, especially right after drying a load of clothes, and pack away, it must dry thoroughly first. Spread it out and let dry before packing in pill bottles or wrapping in duct tape.

You can also use char cloth to create an ember in the fireball. The objective is to create a fire that can be sustained long enough to ignite larger pieces of combustibles in a field environment under wet and windy conditions.

This content was originally published here.

Every prepper plans and trains for disasters but an often overlooked aspect of prepping is training for children. When disaster strikes your kids need to be able to snap into action. Survival skills take time to develop, so you should start teaching your children as soon as possible. If they don’t have a basic understanding …

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You may want to consider the possibility if there is a major crisis that befalls this country. Regardless of the situation, you will need a shelter, and some people and families are choosing to live in a van right now. It is a way of life for some, no crisis needed. However, a van may make an ideal bug-out-vehicle (BOV), or it could be your shelter on your very own property if there is damage to your home.

Check out what some have done to convert from their homes to vans by visiting Instagram.

One of the vans pictured has a small pot-bellied stove inside. Of course, with a wood burning stove, you can cook and heat the van using wood or even biofuels in some cases. The stove is small obviously and with the right design, it could be extremely efficient.

A conversion van can have bench seats that convert to beds or you can remove the seats and place a bed in their place. When you stop, portable solar panels can be used to charge devices or as some do, they carry a small generator with them. If the panels are mounted on the roof, you, can, of course, charge devices while driving down the highway.

Being able to cook is important and depending on where you set up camp for a night or for a few weeks may determine your method of cooking. You may not be able to start a campfire in some areas, so a small propane stove would be needed for those times. Carry enough fuel for several meals in the event wood or propane is not available at your next stopping place.

Some vans can even be outfitted with a small bathroom and shower. The roof design on some allows a person to stand upright inside the van. Overhead storage bins can keep supplies secured or you can use roof racks for some gear as well.

Any temporary shelter that provides you protection from the wind, rain, snow and cold is a positive thing, but as a bug-out-vehicle or possibly as a permanent or semi-permanent home you need some comforts, not to mention supplies and certain gear.

Stoves, sinks, porta-potties and many other things are possible with a little time and creativity to make a van a viable vehicle for a crisis or even a home on wheels for those wandering souls that want to view a sunset from a different location every night.

If you plan to use a van as BOV, you would need a destination in mind, supplies, fuel, and the mindset to get you there. A van with supplies strapped to the roof can be a traveling billboard for those seeking food and water during a crisis, so there are downfalls. However, by keeping up on the threat levels and having a destination in mind you can get out before the panic. The exodus of people fleeing civil unrest or an attack on your city or town may create a situation you cannot overcome.

Fuel would be a major concern, as would the condition of the roads and highways. Alternate routes must be mapped. Your van can be equipped with televisions along with CB and Ham radios and any antennas needed. The antennas can be dismounted or strapped down for travel if they are high enough to snag overhead obstructions, like power lines.

Solar panels and generators are not out of the question, but again fuel for the generators would be a problem if the grid failed or you are in an extremely rural area. Consider caches at your destination for resupplying.

Some van owners have safes installed that are set up with biometrics for opening the safe. This would be a secure place for certain firearms, Ammo, cash, jewelry, important documents, and precious metals for bartering if needed.

The weight of your supplies and gear, of course, is a problem and water weighs a considerable amount. Carry what you need for 72-hours and use a map to determine where the next water source is. Carry the means to filter and purify a surface water source and always top off your water containers regardless of your current supply whenever you get the opportunity.

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We all know which vegetables and fruits are safe to eat, but what about other wild plants? Knowing how to forage for wild edibles could save your life in a survival situation. You should never eat any wild plants unless you are 100% sure you can identify them. It’s better off to be hungry than to …

This content was originally published here.

Image: Foot care: An often forgotten practice when SHTF

(Natural News) Survival gear and supplies are crucial when prepping, but you mustn’t forget about foot care. If you get blisters after wearing a new pair of shoes to work, can you imagine how inconvenient that’s going to be after SHTF?

Make sure your feet are in good shape even during a survival scenario. After all, how can you escape from all sorts of danger if your feet hurt? (h/t to TheSurvivalMom.com)

Choosing proper socks and shoes

Some socks are thicker than others while liner socks are thin (like dress socks). Liner socks are worn under thicker socks to help prevent blisters.

Modern athletic socks have wicking fibers that can draw moisture away from the body. They may also have areas that can provide more (or less) support and breathability, among other features.

Socks can also be made from cotton (not suitable for hiking), nylon, and wool while others are made of hybrid and high tech fibers. When choosing socks, go with a pair that is higher than the top edge of your shoes so your feet don’t chafe and rub.

If you’re buying new hiking shoes, try them on while wearing socks to see how they will fit you. Get high-quality hiking boots so you can stay comfortable even if you have to hike all day. Never get a pair of shoes that don’t fit well so you don’t waste your hard-earned money.

Break in your shoes before you use them outdoors. This will help form creases where your body bends, like the balls of your feet and your ankles while other areas will stretch to fit your feet. (Related: Give Your Feet Natural Care.)

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If you’re not sure what kind of shoes to buy, you can wear hiking boots as long as they provide ankle support. Ankle support is necessary for beginners and for people with weak ankles. Shoes with ankle support are also suitable for hiking longer trails and carrying heavier packs.

Basic foot care

When SHTF, you might have to hike long distances or carry a heavy backpack for a long time. Keep your feet safe with these basic foot care tips:

  1. Keep your feet dry, supported, and warm.
  2. Wear shoes and socks that fit properly.
  3. Prepare your feet before taking part in strenuous activities.
  4. Always keep your toenails clipped to avoid an ingrown toenail.

Keep a small foot first aid kit in a waterproof container in your pack. Make sure it includes:

  • Alcohol pads
  • Benzoin swabs
  • Corn pads
  • Gauze pads and tape
  • Lubricant or powder
  • Moleskin and tiny scissors or duct tape wrapped around a stick/pencil
  • Safety pins

When you’re outdoors, keep your feet dry. You can keep your feet clean by bringing an extra pair of socks to change into while you let your wet socks dry.

Instead of “trail shoes,” wear “camp shoes” when you’re resting so your feet, shoes, and socks can dry. You can also use camp shoes if you need to cross creeks or other water hazards. Take the time to remove debris like rocks or sand from your shoes so your feet don’t hurt.

Pay attention to your feet, especially when SHTF. A comfortable and sturdy pair of shoes can help you outrun any danger that might head your way, as long as you’re wearing the right pair of socks.

Sources include:

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