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by Daisy Luther

There are many lessons from other walks of life that can relate to survival and preparedness, such as business. The lessons I want to share today are those about travel to countries that may be less developed than ours, from my friend Greg Ellifritz’s book, .

Greg is another person in this industry, who, like me, enjoys putting himself in new and unusual positions because of the sheer joy of it. He is a soon-to-be-retired police officer who travels to third world countries on a regular basis just for the adventure of it. Greg has spent nearly two months of each year vacationing in all those places that people warn you never to go. He’s been to more than 50 countries and territories and all seven continents. (I’m green with envy and striving to catch up!)

What’s in this book for preppers and survivalists?

Greg has learned many lessons in his life of travel and he put them all together in his travel guide. But even if you aren’t a world traveler, there are many things you can learn from this book that apply greatly to survival scenarios. And what’s more, the advice Greg has given is the real deal. He’s either put it into action or made the plan in a situation that came close to needing it.

For example, where else can you learn how to properly give a bribe to an official for safe passage? Or how to manage to survive, bowels intact, in places with unsafe water and entirely different food safety standards?

The book is filled with advice on the following, all of which would be potential concerns in a post-SHTF world:

Honestly, it’s a Mad Max 101 guide that every prepper should read.

More about

The book is eminently readable. Greg has an accessible writing style and the book is filled with stories from his adventures that highlights the advice he’s giving.

He’s actually been pulled over and whacked in the face with an AK-47-wielding guy who wanted to extort money. He’s witnessed crimes far and near and had to make decisions in a split second that potentially saved his life.  You’ll be on the edge of your seat hearing about the criminals, the buses, the foreign cabs, and the interactions he’s experienced.

He shares stories of common scams in foreign places undertaken by people who are in desperate circumstances, too. These are things we could easily witness if we had our own SHTF event that left people destitute.

Greg’s recommendations are practical and focused on surviving the incident. They aren’t written with Rambo in mind, but the average traveler. This makes them very applicable to all of us.

On adaptability

I’ve written before how travel has made me a more resilient and adaptable person, so it should be no surprise that one of my favorite parts of the book is this segment on adaptability.

Guns, clubs, and knives may well be material weapons, but abstract weapons like wits, demeanor, and attitude are just as important, if not more so.” – Louis Awerbuck

I enjoy third world travel because it provides challenges that I don’t normally get to experience. Solving the problems you encounter in a third world country will quickly make you a very adaptable person, more so than any other educational opportunity I’ve encountered. One of the more difficult problems to solve is deciding what weapons you should carry and what your self-protection plans might entail. You obviously think the same way if you have made it this far in the “weapons” chapter. Let me give you some other things to think about:

I once spent some time on a small island off the coast of Nicaragua. It was a peaceful place but I still wanted to have adequate self-protections measures. Thinking through potential defensive scenarios on the island, I recognized that I was in a truly unique environment that required some adaptation from my normal plans…

…That posed quite a problem on my little island trip. There were literally only about 20 gringos on the whole island. There were two local flights off the island and two ferry departures every day. Everyone knows everyone else and most folks are related. Escape options are few. If I stab a local in self-defense, how quickly do you think the world would spread around the island that the cutting was done by “the big gringo dude?” How do you think the locals would respond? Besides dealing with the initial problem that caused me to use my blade, I would have the additional unpleasant difficulty escaping the rope of the lynch mob that would be waiting for me at my hotel.

Have you ever considered something like that?

…Just like I teach my students here, one has to solve not only the problem of surviving the initial violent encounter, but the secondary problem with the police and the criminal justice system as well. In other countries, the “secondary problem” won’t likely be a fair trial by a jury of your peers; it might be an angry lynch mob. You aren’t prepared to defend yourself unless you can handle that issue as well. Walter Mitty-like fantasies of cutting throats and throwing knives in the gutter to make a stealthy escape aren’t very productive. Don’t delude yourself. You aren’t Jason Bourne and you won’t get away with it. Make a realistic assessment of your environment and your abilities and plan accordingly. (source)

Selco has written about the same concern when discussing the use of violence. There’s almost always an aftermath of people who want vengeance for the person you just used the violence upon, and they won’t care that you were just defending yourself.

Why listen to Greg?

Greg authors one of my favorite blogs, Active Response Training, where he writes about real-life scenarios and your best-chance options for surviving such an event. He has been a police officer for 24 years.

He is a firearms, self-defense, counter-kidnapping, and wilderness medicine instructor. In fact, I’ve taken one of the most life-changing classes ever from him – I wrote about the defensive knife class I took with Greg here. If you ever get the opportunity to take one of his in-person courses, I heartily recommend them.

And your next best bet is to grab a copy of . It’s the only physical book I carry with me when I travel and I wholeheartedly recommend it, even if you have no intention of heading to third world countries.

This content was originally published here.

If the world will suddenly stop functioning tomorrow and all our complicated systems will fail, each and every one of us will have to rely on our own set of skills to make it through the day.

When every aspect of life is stripped down
to its core, survival becomes almost impossible for the “modern man.” Only
those folks that have the proper skills and abilities will rebuild the world,
and they will become a precious resource for any survival community.

I believe this year will become a turning point in the lives of Americans and other societies all over the world. Due to the COVD-19 Pandemic, preppers are no longer seen as crazy or eccentric people, and we have suddenly become “people that just want to be safe.”

We should all stop and think about how all of us are dependent on almost 100% of others when it comes to basic necessities. If the supply chain stops and there would be no store to go to tomorrow, how would you procure your food? If your home will be destroyed by a natural disaster, how will you rebuild it? How about if your car breaks down? Do you know how to fix it?

These are just a few questions that most
people don’t have an answer for. Until a few months ago, we were an “it won’t
happen to us” nation, and preppers were essentially “blowing it all out of
proportion.” There are still people out there that believe they are protected
by the government or by a certain divinity.

However, as history has shown us, we will
have to rely on our own strength to survive before any aid comes our way. If
that helps never comes, your own set of skills should be enough to help you
survive or at least join a survival community.

The following professions will become essential in a
post-SHTF world:

Doctor or Nurse

We are currently seeing the effects of not having enough medical personnel to fight the current pandemic. Italy, which is one of the countries with a great health system (I believe it’s ranked 2nd or 3rd in the world), is now facing difficult scenarios. Just like in times of war, they are no relying on triage to save those with the highest survival rate. Old people and those with pre-existent health issues are being sacrificed to save others. There’s just not enough hospital beds and personnel to take care of everyone.

The human body requires a great deal of knowledge
due to its complicated nature, and you can’t heal yourself without medical
training. A doctor or a nurse can handle most every trauma case, and they have
extensive knowledge of medicine and their use. If you have one of these
professions, you will be a privileged member of any survival group.

Carpenter or Mason

All your material things will break down,
and some require proper maintenance to withstand the harsh seasons. Nothing has
a greater psychical impact than the lack of shelter. If your home gets
destroyed, someone will have to pick up the pieces and put them together. A
good carpenter is an excellent addition to any survival group. Contrary to
popular beliefs, a carpenter doesn’t just nail pieces of wood together. A good
carpenter has extensive knowledge and aptitudes in physics, architecture, and

A mason, on the other hand, will be able to
build solid structures like walls and foundations for building and pretty much
any sort of stove you can think of to help you cook your food and heat your
home. You may not know how to make cement as people did in the old days, but a
stonemason will certainly have this knowledge.

These are two professions that will help an
individual built shelters in isolated areas, and every group will want them to
improve their survival community.

Working metal is an art form, and a blacksmith will improve the quality of life when using his or her skills to their full extent. A good blacksmith will hammer a spear, a knife and any other types of tools you would need, but also cast bullets for your firearms.

Not to mention that besides manufacturing
all sorts of tools, a skillful blacksmith will figure out ways to fix most
metal objects. Blacksmithing has become a popular hobby nowadays due to TV shows
and DIY trends that show you how to forge knives and other tools. However, this
profession is much more complex than what you see in the media.

Engineer and Mechanic

While carpenters and blacksmiths can help
you build or fix primitive items, there are scientific projects needed for
survival that require extensive knowledge on how things function in order to
build new items or repair the broken ones.

If you have to fix a solar panel, or if you
need to install a windmill, build a biogas generator, or other such survival
systems, you can do it yourself with the proper parts and a few YouTube videos.
However, designing these systems from scratch and build or improve complex
systems requires more than just a few online videos.

For example, you will not be able to
convert a diesel engine to run on biofuel without engineering or mechanical
experience. Knowing how to use a multitude of tools and how to improvise with
the items you scavenge requires a lot of school years and practice to master.

Farmer or Homesteader

For short-term survival, even the average Joe can improvise a shelter or scavenge for items needed for survival. However, as time goes by, sustaining your survival will become difficult when you have to deal with food scarcity. People have been killing each other over food for centuries, and history will repeat itself in a world cannibalized for resources. Hunger makes people do insane and unimaginable things. You’ve seen in the news how people are fighting over toilet paper, and how they are hijacking trucks carrying these basic items. What do you think will happen when the food runs out?

A farmer will be able to produce abundant
crops, even in a limited garden space. They understand the land, the weather
patterns, and plan their crop cycles for the best yield. An experienced farmer
is able to improve any type of soil by adding missing nutrients and improvise
all sorts of gardening methods.

A rancher will be able to organize and
multiply a sustainable source of livestock, and they know how to use every part
of the animal for self-sufficiency. We forgot that traditional agriculture is
what brought us to this point, and nowadays, we rely too much on technology in
our “modern farming.” If you won’t have access to that technology, how many
people do you think will be able to sustain a small garden or a decent size
farm? How about raising animals to feed a few dozen?

Although many homesteaders have become butchers by choice or by need, this is a skill that needs a lot of experience and practice. Many people can testify that this is more than a survival skill and I consider it to be a survival art. It takes a great deal of dexterity to process the game since one wrong slip of the knife, and you will spoil the entire meat.

The common belief is that a butcher only
“cuts meat” and knows how to process an animal (regarding its origin), but this
profession is much more than that. An experienced butcher knows how to keep the
meat fresh and edible for long periods of time, and they can cure it using
various preservation methods.

Cutting, grinding, and preparing meat in
any type of environment, without disregarding health practices is part of the
butcher’s knowledge. Even more, an experienced butcher knows how to take care
of the tools used for his profession.

Gunsmith and Marksman

I see guns as tools useful for survival, and they serve a multitude of purposes (defensive, hunting, offensive, etc.) and not as “instruments of death” as some call them. Just like all other tools, your guns will require proper maintenance, and having a cleaning kit is just not enough to provide peace of mind.

Breaking down a firearm for this purpose is
not a skill everyone has, but it can be learned by seeing and doing. Although
there are entire books written on this topic, unfortunately, gunsmithing is a
dying profession.

A skilled marksman that can use good
accuracy and has a successful kill rate requires years of training in the
field. He or she requires a good understanding of the weapon’s mechanics, and
they have good eyesight and are in proper physical condition.

Hunter and/or Trapper

A hunter or trapper will be able to provide
you with good sources of protein when grocery stores go out business. Some
believe that hunting is a common skill, and everyone can hunt, and they have
faith that, if needed, they will start hunting to supplement their meals.

However, this will lead to decimating the entire species, and there will be a lot of competition to deal with.  Most of these so-called hunters will die long before a certain specie gets decimated, and I can guarantee that hunting in real-life is different than what you see in movies or TV shows.

Animals have certain behaviors, and some will adapt to particular environments or scenarios if their lives are threatened. You can’t take your guns and head to the woods, hoping you will bring home some meat. Animals will spot you long before you manage to spot them, and things such as your odor, clothing, items you carry, and movement patterns will scare them away.

A good hunter knows how to stalk an animal,
how to bait it, and how to track its habits in order to bag it. The same goes
for the trappers, and while a trapper can be a good hunter, it doesn’t work
vice-versa. A trapper spends a great deal of time in setting traps and
improving his techniques, and once the traps are set, he or she will be able to
take care of other chores until something gets trapped.

A hunter, on the other hand, is
concentrated on stalking and tracking the animal, and there’s little to no time
for other activities. Not to mention that a trapper can set traps even for
unwanted human guests and track fellow humans in case needed.

Every social gathering, even if it may be a
short-lived one, needs a leader. Leadership becomes a greater necessity when
you are trying to build a survival community, and many fail to see their
utility as a post-“SHTF professionals.” This trade becomes mandatory as
communities grow and develop since most folks need rules and laws to function
properly. To keep all people in line and convince them to work for a more
significant cause than their own survival, a set of rules needs to be put in

We all know that humans are difficult to be
controlled by nature and that they will become a precious resource when things
fall apart. A leader is needed to organize the community and “exploit” the
skills of its members to everyone’s gain.

A good leader needs to be a neutral
listener, a delegator, and a motivational (inspirational, if you will) speaker.
Leaders need to be understanding and responsible when dealing with the members
of a community, but they also have to be decisive if people don’t follow the
rules. A good leader will never work alone, and he or she will need to organize
a democratic system where people can speak and take action when required.


There might be the need to mention
professions in the security role or those that can manufacture or repair clothes
or shoes. However, we can all improvise or repair clothing and shoes if needed,
and these items will be easy to scavenge for since people will have other
priorities. On the security part, many preppers have a military or law
enforcement background, so we can speculate that this profession will be
covered in most survival groups.

The post-SHTF professions listed in this article may very well become the main trades needed to rebuild a broken society. They will stand the test of time and turmoil no matter what, and they will be needed by every survival community that plans for long-term survival, but also prosperity, in a harsh environment. If you happen to have one of these professions, there will always be a place reserved for you in a survival group, and you will become a valuable asset in any community.

This content was originally published here.

This is a guest post by Gar Mosey.

I have never seen this seriously overlooked issue addressed on any survival/prepping site, so I decided to write this article about Cats When SHTF, complete with my warped sense of humor thrown in for free. With government overreach rampant and unwarranted panic over the Corona Virus, now is definitely the time to let the cat out of the bag. (Pun intended) Throw in BLM and ANTIFA and the s*** could hit the fan for real…very soon.

I have only seen articles on how to prepare supplies for your cat/dog before SHTF, nothing like what follows. 

Worst Case Scenario – True SHTF

Imagine a worst case scenario: COVID-19 infections have disrupted the food chain to the point of shortages. BLM/ANTIFA animals are running a muck, raping, killing, looting. The power grid has been down for months. It doesn’t matter whether this was caused by an EMP, WW3, sabotage/direct attack on power distribution stations, online cyber attacks or collapse of the world economy due to COVID-19. Society has broken down. Anarchy reigns in most areas. The power is out and is not coming back on for months, maybe years…possibly never in some areas.

People are starving. No electricity, sewer, water, gas, etc. Filth, pollution and disease abound. Idiots poured out of the cities in droves to “live off the land” with no survival knowledge. Lakes and rivers were fished out in mere months. They blasted anything that moved to obtain food. They only succeed in hunting every imaginable species that could be eaten – including humans in some areas – to the point of extinction. What they killed was mostly wasted. Untrained urbanites can’t properly skin, prepare and preserve wild game, whether it’s rabbit, squirrel, birds, or something larger. Most starved to death in a year, died of disease or were eaten by cannibals.

Further Reading: FREE PDF – Rabbit Processing

Those who remained in the cities and suburbs fared far worse. Many were killed by roving bands of raiders looking for food, water, drugs, liquor, women, gasoline, etc. Women often were kidnapped and used as sex slaves, slave labor, bartering items. Water and waste disposal facilities ceased to function. General chaos, disease and mayhem reigned supreme. Guess what happened next? Rats, rats and more rats. Millions, billions, maybe trillions of rats. In one year 1 female can have 2000+ babies. Do the math.

Mistakes Will Be Made 

Naturally, the surviving urbanites turned to eating their family pets when food ran low. Some even consumed their obnoxious neighbors. Dogs, cats, rabbits (which, BTW, are an excellent renewable source of food if you are set up to raise them), even Crazy Joe’s 8′ python was fair game. Consuming felines to the brink of extinction was actually the stupidest thing they could have done. DO NOT EAT THE CATS! I repeat: DO NOT EAT THE CATS WHEN SHTF!!!!!

Cats are ecologically far more important than most people realize. They are super-predators, although small in stature compared to others. Behind the scenes, they control rabbit, bird, mouse and rat populations, to the dismay of uninformed bleeding-heart idiots who see only the killing aspect. “Oh, the poor birdie! Look what the bad kitty did.” Yea, right. Google MacQuarie Island to find out what happened when some bright boys decided to remove all the cats because they were eating the pretty birdies. Idiots! (Start chant now: “Orange kitty bad. Must be removed.” LOL) Also check out Operation Cat Drop in Borneo during the 50s where the WHO managed to screw up the natural order of things. Yes, that WHO. The ones involved in the Corona farce. If you don’t understand the inter-relationship of ecosystems, don’t mess with it!


You Need Cats When SHTF

Without free roaming cats controlling the rodent population in the cities, you can bet yer ass humans won’t last long. Rats, birds, insect pests and rabbits will eat what meager crops are grown. Rats will quickly over-run the area, spreading disease and devouring everything in sight. Good-by humans! I hope that cat stew is worth it. I guarantee you will regret that dinner.

The lesson: In a worst-case scenario, under no circumstances should you eat cats. (Although I have heard they are good oven-baked with BBQ sauce. Heehee) No matter how hungry and tempted you are, don’t do it. I doubt if anyone will have enough sense to follow my advice when their family has not eaten for a week, but believe me, the surviving humans will pay dearly for your ignorance .

Besides, if you eat the Cats When the SHTF, you will miss their cuteness, comforting purrs and company…right up to the time rabid rats feast on your rotting flesh or your ravenous wife thinks you are worth more as dinner than a partner/provider.

Feel free to contact me with your comments and/or ideas for future articles (I would like to stick with little-known or never before published stuff, no over-done mainstream topics.)

Guest Author: Gar Mosey – OneRide@protonmail.com

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The post Why You Need Cats When SHTF appeared first on Ed That Matters.

This content was originally published here.

Are you ready for anything that’s to come? A practical prepper would equip himself with survival skills for SHTF situations. Here’s how you can, too.

Essential Survival Skills for SHTF Scenarios

This moment in time is one of the most interesting of them all. We have a swarm of tactical media that has figured out how to scare you into not being able to look away.

We are dealing with groups of angry people who are pissed over the hoarding of dollars and power all over the world. And we are even divided up over whether we wear a face mask or not!

During all this chaos, there are a bunch of cities across the nation who are writing up the legislature to defund the police.

We are wading perilously into the possibility of a serious SHTF scenario. Are you ready to swim? If not here are eight skills that you should be learning to survive the uncertain future.

1. Cooking

While this is not a skill that impresses most survivalists or finds its way into the pages of prepper fiction, cooking from scratch is critical. Many American families eat out for most of their meals.

Not only will you need to make three meals a day in SHTF, but you might also need to cook foods you have never cooked before or things you are not good at cooking.

Whatever food you have is what you will need to know how to cook.

2. Blacksmithing

This is a dual-purpose skill that gives you the ability to both fix things and to barter or even sell items.

If you store up metal know and have bellows, you could be making axes, knives, hinges, and many other implements in an SHTF situation. Life gets weird when Lowes and Walmart are closed.

Blacksmithing takes a lot of work and practice but if you get started now you can make a huge difference later.

3. Woodworking

The ability to work wood is another powerhouse skill that can work for you in many ways in an SHTF situation. Woodworking skills could be used to build your own home in a new location!

You never know how wild it could get. Not to mention you can leverage this skill for repair and skill barter just like blacksmithing.

4. Trapping

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You can store a lot of food, but there are some things that you will run out of before others. Meat protein is one of them.

It is awfully hard to store a lot of meat protein for a long time. Fresh meat can be had through hunting but the use of steel traps in hunting will go much further.

There is no way to get good at it other than simply doing it. The problem is that most preppers don’t even have the stomach for it. I suggest you give it a whirl.

5. Hunting and Shooting

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I would like to say hunting and shooting. You should practice how to stalk a target, outmaneuver it, and put it down.

You would hope that this target is one of four legs rather than two, but the time could come where protecting your family might require that you outmaneuver those dangerous 2-legged mammals.

Shooting in ranges, tactical training, and good old-fashioned deer hunting all have their place.

6. Security

Security is a philosophy, but it is also a skill. In SHTF you are going to concern yourself not just with the security of your home but your neighbors, your community, and maybe even beyond.

Reading, wargaming, and creating printed plans for such situations are all great ways to practice your security acumen.

7. First Aid

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People will get sick. People will get injured. Do you know what to do about that? You see, there could come a time when a family member gets sick and the rest of the household turns to you for the solution.

Could you be the family doctor? You need medical books for this one, but you also need some training that can stop the bleeding classes and take free CERT classes.

8. Emergency Communications

How do you plan to communicate if the grid goes down? What if it is just cell service?

There are means of emergency communication out there, but you must both own the hardware and have the skills to use them.

The go-to method of SHTF communication is the HAM radio. You need a license to truly take advantage of comms method. Get to work on this and join a local amateur radio group, they are everywhere!

9. Leadership

Who is going to be the leader of this SHTF community? Do you know them? Who is going to have all the answers for surviving TEOTWAWKI?

There is a good chance that you could slip into the leadership role by default or that you might need to take the leadership role.

Leadership is a learned skill and you can learn a lot through books but putting yourself in high-stress situations with people looking to you for answers is as good as it gets.

This could come from starting a local group that plays sports together, works out together, or does something else altogether. Maybe it’s your survival group.

Time to Get to Work

This election season is going to give way to chaos in many places across the nation. There will be little police intervention.

In Portland, Seattle, and Minneapolis we have seen police departments go up in flames. There will be more of it.

Are you ready to take a leadership role in your community and unleash a cache of survival skills to keep you and your people safe? If not, its time to get to work.

Which of these survival skills for SHTF situations are you going to learn first? Let us know why in the comments section!

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This content was originally published here.

The Fires of SHTF: Are You Ready For This?Fire is one of those things that everyone puts on their survival checklist. It can provide heat, lighting, and security, but it can also take those things away. Most people don’t think about what fire could do if it were to develop into a forest fire or set buildings ablaze in a densely populated area.

With the recent protests and riots, you’ve no doubt seen images of buildings on fire. If the SHTF, there could be fires like that in every single city. This video by Canadian Prepper discusses this danger and how to prepare for it.

One of the largest fires in history was the Great Fire of London in 1666. This fire occurred at a time when firefighting methods were very primitive, and furthermore, there was no electrical grid. However, there also were not many deaths in the Great Fire because people were able to evacuate before the fire got worse.

The fact that there were very few high rise buildings at the time played a role in the low number of casualties. Today, we may have more advanced firefighting methods than the 1600s, but we also have numerous high rise buildings that can make it harder to evacuate.

There are numerous ways that fires can be created, either intentionally or unintentionally. If anything, fires are one of the most overlooked aspects of preparing for disaster. It’s virtually guaranteed that in a major disaster, arsonists will take advantage of the chaos to start fires around the city simply because it’s in their nature.

When it comes to bugging out of the city, you need to take forest fires into account when choosing a bug out location. It’s ideal to have a bug out location that is as fire-resistant as possible. The problem is that in North America, wildfires are a major threat because of the high number of trees in most remote areas.

The issue of both forest fires and urban fires will arguably be amplified in a major grid down disaster. This is because people will rely more on candles if the power grid goes down, and the increase in the number of candles means there will likely be a greater number of accidents…and therefore a greater number of fires.

Furthermore, without the power grid, more people will be reliant on fire to cook meals and boil water, and in the winter, they’ll need to rely on fire just to stay warm. Plain and simple, in the middle of a grid-down disaster scenario, it will only be a matter of time before fire becomes a huge problem.

Fires spread fast (whether it’s between buildings in a city or between trees in a forest), and you need a way to evacuate your building or bug out location fast. Without professional firefighters nearby, you can’t rely on putting out the fire yourself because it could get too large for you to do anything.

Considering your location and having an efficient evacuation plan in place matters the most. For a more detailed discussion along with suggestions on how to prepare, watch the video below.

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This content was originally published here.

.308 and 10mm: A potent Duo for the Rural American West

SHTF Guns – SCAR 17S and Glock 20

I don’t put a huge emphasis on being a prepper as part of my identity, but it’s just a reality of life living, farming and ranching in a more rural area.  Unfortunately, a lot of people nowadays are seeing what “SHTF” is in the context of pandemic related restrictions, supply chain disruptions, and unrest.  Rural areas are not immune to these impacts either.  When Pete posed the question to me at SHOT about “the one gun you could have”, it certainly got my wheels spinning.  My current reality allows me to select specific tools for specific firearm-related jobs.  If I just had to grab one or two and go, it’d be these tried and true and versatile firearms that I often turn to and am very confident in: The SCAR 17S and the Glock 20.

I. Introduction

SHTF Guns – SCAR 17S

My choice for the SCAR 17S and Glock 20 are based on the durability of the firearms themselves, as well as the potency of both the .308/7.62x51mm and the 10mm cartridges.  As a long gun, the SCAR 17S has the advantage of a folding stock, aiding in compactness.  The 16.25″ barrel combined with the side folding stock makes a package that is easier to maneuver with in tight spaces or conceal in a discreet manner than many other .308 platforms. The 16.25″ barrel allows for good enough velocity to take down most  American animals in the lower 48.  It also provides enough energy at range to take down game animals out to reasonable hunting distances.  My firearm needs in a SHTF scenario would be pretty much the same as they are now: Defending home and family, defending my renewable food resource, and hunting.

SHTF Guns – SCAR 17S

If the SCAR 17S would be my one and only long gun, without question I would mount a suppressor on it.  Whether defending one’s life such as in a home or when hunting out in the open, a suppressor is a wonderful thing to have.  For now, my .308 suppressor rides on my primary hunting bolt gun, but it’s easy enough to mount on the SCAR if need be.  The SCAR has come along on all my hunts as either my personal backup gun should my primary hunting rifle break, or as a loaner gun to friends that have come up to hunt with me.  If one should desire an even shorter, more compact package, check out Nick C.’s detailed post on modifying the SCAR17s.

SHTF Guns – Glock 20

The Glock 20, chambered in 10mm, has been a constant companion at my side when hunting and in the outdoors for over a decade now.  I’ve taken my first mule deer with it and I’ve also used it for competitive shooting in the past.  It’s my number one choice of sidearm when farming, hunting, or checking trail cams.  Granted, it’s rather large and more difficult to conceal than, say a SIG P365, but that’s not a huge concern in my day-to-day environment.  I know it is extremely reliable by experience with it.  The only part I’ve broken in 12 years and thousands of rounds is the slide lock spring.

Granted, parts and magazines for the SCAR are more difficult to find and more expensive than many AR10 parts, but the short-stroke piston system of the SCAR, combined with its overbuilt bolt carrier, make for a very robust system.  Parts and mags for the Glock, however, are extremely common and easy to get.  I have experienced dust, mud, snow, rocks, mine tailings and pine needles getting into both the SCAR and the Glock, and have fallen with these firearms while hiking, mountain biking and working.  Both firearms just shrug such things off and keep going.

II. Landscape/AOR Overview

SHTF Guns – SCAR 17S and Glock 20

My landscape of high desert intersecting with the Rocky Mountains generally affords shots from 400yards all the way out to the horizon.  Close in encounters only occur when in the densest of woods or in river bottoms choked with willows.  I can and have had very close, unexpected run ins with ornery open range cattle, bears, moose, elk, and wolves in such close quarters.  I need firearms that have power and capacity to put down large animals quickly in a close encounter, but also have range to reach out and either take down game at range, or mitigate a longer ranged threat in a SHTF scenario when all bets are off.  I have had a person aim a rifle at me from a long way off (likely just being an idiot glassing me with their scope instead of their binos), and it felt good to have a firearm in hand that could return fire accurately at that range if I needed to.

III. Specifications: Base Firearms

Glock 20 (Gen3):


IV: Specifications: Modifications and Accessories

Glock 20:

My Glock 20 has two important modifications: The trigger and the sights. In regards to the trigger, I am a big fan of Ghost trigger connectors.   They are easy to install and make a vast improvement in the trigger pull and reset of a Glock.  I have had the Ghost Rocket 3.5 installed in my G20 for over a decade without any issues.  The other modification I have made is to get rid of the factory sights.  I have an XS big dot installed which has given me great performance in both daylight and low light conditions.  I can pick up the XS big dot front sight extremely fast, and it still affords me a great deal of precision.

XS Big Dot tritium sight

For a general use holster, I like the First Spear SSV as a very robust OWB holster.   When using a pack, I like the Bianchi UM series, as it is easy to transfer between my belt and my kidney pad on my hunting pack.  The detachable flap of the UM series also is a good aid to keep debris out of the gun when it’s riding on the kidney pads of the hunting pack as well.  When carrying the G20 concealed, I find the best concealability for me is afforded by a belly band or a trigger guard holster such as the Raven Vanguard.


The  SCAR17S is pretty much stock with the exception of the fore-end.  I have removed the bulky 3 and 9 o clock polymer rails, as they interfere with how I prefer to grip the fore-end for offhand shooting.  I removed the front rails and installed flush fit screws, torqued properly to the lower barrel support.  The fore-end is an overly complicated major shortcoming of the FN SCAR when compared to most ARs, and one must be careful to torque screws properly, or accuracy/receiver flex may be affected.  In the future, I may modify the grip and trigger.  Once my SiCo can gets its stamp, I’ll replace the stock muzzle device as well.

Trijicon VCOG view

For an optic, I mounted the Trijicon VCOG 1-6×24.  It’s a bombproof beast of an optic and affords all the advantages of an LVPO, plus it’s illuminated when you need it.  Should it ever (unlikely) break, there’s still the stock irons, which I can get consistent hits with out to 500y.  As far as optic covers go, I find neoprene sleeves work best for me, especially in extreme cold and snow.  I generally use slings attached via deadened/quieted snaps on the stock sling attachment points.  For carrying all day out in the mountains, I strap the rifle to the side of my pack.  When stowed in a vehicle, the SCAR17 barely fits inside an old Blackhawk discreet carry case of mine.

BLACKHAWK! discreet case. Yes, I get the Irony.

For a light, I would use a Surefire Scout in an offset mount off the top rail.  For a bipod, I primarily use a B&T Atlas CAL Gen 2 that I got on sale.  It’s a great bipod, but I suggest the BT65-LW17 CAL model with a QD lever if one is interested.  I cover the 6 o’clock rails with a simple rubber ladder style rail cover. I have tried out the KDG MREX MKII system, but I find it too loud for hunting use.

Fully loaded with a 20 round magazine as well as the beefy optic and bipod, the SCAR 17 is a bit heavy at roughly 10.5 lbs, but nothing that is arduous to carry around all day.

V. SHTF Guns: Ammunition

For a 10mm firearm, I prefer ammo that is as close to 10mm Norma original specs as possible.  My favorite load is Federal Trophy Bonded Bear Claw (P10T1).  The 180gr bonded load zips along at 1275 fps and hits hard.  My spare magazine is loaded with Underwood 220gr Hard Cast Flatnose (1200 fps) if the P10T1 doesn’t do the trick.  In all, that’s 31 rounds of potent ammo on board with the Glock 20 and one spare mag.  Enough to hunt plenty of game for a long time even if I didn’t have my rifle.

L to R: Federal P10T1 10mm, Fort Scott Munitions’ .308, Underwood 10mm

For the 17S, I’ve gotten the best accuracy when using Fort Scott Munitions’ TUI spun copper ammunition.  Groups are consistently 1 MOA with this load.  It also turns in decent performance with Federal Trophy Copper loads for those who don’t like lead in their meat, as well as Nosler Partitions for when a lead-aided expansion is needed.  Extra mags for the SCAR fit perfectly into my KUIU pants cargo pockets as an extra bonus, making for a discreet way to carry an extra mag while keeping it free of debris.

VI: SHTF Guns: Fielding/Range Time

The G20 has performed excellently for me over the years, with a single exception being the failure of the slide lock spring.  It seems to function fine with all ammunition in firing up to 2000 rounds without cleaning, and in temperatures ranging from 120 degrees down to 28 below.  Even when I’ve fallen in the outdoors and gotten debris into the Glock, it still functions fine and can be easily cleaned in the span of a few minutes in the field.  Not a single spot of rust has been detected and the finish is holding up great.

Most importantly, I have not had one single malfunction regardless of ammunition in my history of using the SCAR 17S.  It’s not the most accurate platform, but it’s the most robust semiautomatic .308 platform I can field with a good balance of compactness, portability and durability.  It also exhibits very little felt recoil for a .308, and is easy to keep on target.

VII: SHTF Guns: Conclusions

For my SHTF purposes of harvesting meat, dealing with aggressive large animal encounters, and possibly dealing with the occasional two-legged threat from close up to far away, the best choices for me in my area are the Glock 20 and SCAR 17S.  I have lots of practice with both firearms, and I know that they will reliably function for me when I need them.

Thanks to Pete for thinking of this interesting topic, and thank you to our readers.  Stay safe out there, I hope the S stops hitting the F eventually.

This content was originally published here.

The year 2020 is one that will go down in history. It has proven itself to be “the shambolic year.”

If you’re not familiar with that word, I just encountered it myself. It means, “Chaotic, disorganized or mismanaged.” Even leaving the part about whether or not it has been mismanaged aside for now, it has clearly been chaotic and disorganized; and we’re not even halfway through the year yet.

From a survival point of view, so far we’ve been hit with a pandemic, food shortages, being taken to the brink of a financial collapse, and now, social unrest and rioting. While none of these problems have been so severe as they could have been and none have put us in extreme danger, each of them could have. All of them are things that are normally looked at as serious events within the realm of preparedness and survival.

This series of disasters or near-disasters has brought up a very valid concern. We all tend to look at disasters as stand-alone events, where they come after us one at a time, with nothing else interfering. As such, we can deal with the various problems caused by that particular disaster. While there may often be some overlap from one problem to another, such as a financial collapse causing social unrest and violence, by and large, we look at these problems as separate events.

But as we’ve all seen over the last few months, the real world isn’t that polite and organized. It’s even become a joke, with memes showing up online, asking if it is still Coronavirus season or is it now riot season so that the person asking the question will know whether to take their mask or their rifle with them to work.

What’s to say they shouldn’t take both?

I know, that destroys the joke. But the meme clearly illustrates the confusion that’s going on in our country today. It’s just about reached the point of becoming difficult to know exactly what the disaster de jour is. What we were mostly concerned about yesterday isn’t the problem that we’re facing today. At least, it isn’t if you pay attention to what the media says.

This is dangerous. We all depend on the media for information, to one extent or another. But as the media has shown us, time and time again, their attention span is incredibly short. That’s especially true in this “never Trump” era, where they are suffering from TDS. If they can’t make it into a story to attack the president in some way, it’s as if they aren’t interested in it at all. Basically, if it isn’t the outrage of the week, they’re just not interested.

We’ve seen this time and time again, but now we’re seeing it in a new and dangerous light. Days before George Floyd’s tragic murder, the mainstream media was fixated on how dangerous it was for churches to reopen, ignoring public safety. But once the protests started, it was apparently no longer dangerous to ignore the need to wear masks and practice social distancing. As many others have pointed out, protesting obviously makes one immune to the ‘Rona.

Concurrent Disasters do Happen

As we’ve all seen, concurrent disasters can and do happen. Just because a new one comes along, doesn’t mean that we can forget about the old one, as the media does. Rather, it means that we now have to manage more than one problem at a time. So just how do we do that?

In order to figure out how to deal with this, let’s start with a simpler example than the problems we’re facing now. A problem which combat medics are trained to deal with, each and every day they are deployed. That is, dealing with a wounded soldier in a hot zone.

The normal rule of thumb with anyone who is wounded is to control the bleeding. Depending on the injury, a person can bleed out, or at least bleed out enough to cause irreversible damage, in minutes. So it makes sense to stop bleeding before going on to anything else. But if the patient that the medic is working on isn’t breathing, that takes higher priority. So, even though they might slap a compress on the wound or even put on a combat tourniquet, they’ll get to working on the airway and getting that soldier breathing as quickly as possible.

But even while getting that patient breathing is the highest possible medical priority that medic might encounter in treating that patient, that may not be the highest priority they have to deal with. If someone is shooting at their patient or at them, while treating that patient, they may have to defend that patient’s life, before they can save it, especially if they don’t have adequate infantry support.

So here we have three different emergency priorities that the medic has to balance:

Everything else comes after that; and there’s plenty of other “after that” for the medic to deal with. But if they can’t take care of those three things, then none of the rest of it will matter. How quickly they deal with those other things may depend on a variety of factors, such as how quickly medieval comes in, whether there are other casualties to deal with, and whether they are under fire. In some circumstances, they may not get to deal with the “after that,” because of having to care for other casualties.

It all boils down to priorities and the priorities boil down to saving a life. Just like that combat medic, you and I need to prioritize our efforts on those things which will save lives, especially those of ourselves and our families.

We’re used to thinking of this in a wilderness survival situation, where we are taught that we need to stop traveling two hours before sundown so that we can gather fuel, start a fire and set up a shelter for the night. Why those things? Because they are necessary to complete our number one survival priority, that of maintaining our body’s core temperature.

But how about the current situation?

How do we apply this to the risk of COVID-19, as opposed to the risk of violent rioting?

Clearly we have to be prepared to protect ourselves from both. The risk of catching the disease hasn’t been diminished in any way by the more recent problems. All that’s happened is that another danger has been added on top of it. We need to be prepared to deal with both.

But if push comes to shove, the riots are a bigger risk to those who get in their way, than COVID is. While only a very small percentage of people are attacked and beaten in the rioting, in the cases that people are, the results are serious; they are either killed or seriously injured.

On the other hand, the chances of catching the Coronavirus are clearly higher than that of being beaten during a riot, unless you are a business owner trying to protect your business. The revised RO rate out of the CDC is much lower than it was before. So is the mortality rate, bringing COVID-19 almost down to the level of the flu. While it might still kill you, it probably won’t, unless you have underlying health problems. Even then, it will take it a few weeks to put you under.

See the difference? What makes the riots a greater risk is the chance of dying and how soon death would occur. This is the standard we must apply, whenever we’re looking at multiple risks. We have to focus on the thing that has the greatest chances of killing us, dealing with that thing first.

This isn’t to say that we should totally ignore other risks. By no means. It means we allow the greatest risk to become the framework that we use in determining our reaction plan. Everything else then gets fitted into it, in such a way as to ensure that every risk is covered, as reasonably well as possible.

In other words, take your rifle to protect yourself with, but make sure you wear a mask as well.

Actually, better than taking your rifle is to avoid the areas where demonstrators are likely to gather and riots are likely to occur. If you happen to be somewhere and a crowd starts gathering, then make sure you get out of there. I don’t care how many rounds you carry, taking on an angry mob by yourself is a sure recipe for disaster, and it’s one where you’re the main dish.

Going forward, we all need to reevaluate our disaster planning, from the viewpoint of seeing if we are truly ready to deal with multiple disasters at one time. As part of that, we need to have a good enough understanding of the various survival requirements of each of the various scenarios we might face. That’s needed, in order to create an integrated list of everything you have to do, in the combined situation.

Of course, that’s going to be something you can’t really do in advance; because there’s no real way of knowing what combination of disasters any of us are going to face. However, it’s not something any of us can afford to ignore, especially at the point of time when that second or third disaster shows up. It is at that time, we need to evaluate how the two disaster scenarios fit together so that we can ensure that we don’t miss an important element of protecting ourselves.

That’s the risk we all face right now. We have yet to see if the masses of people out demonstrating and rioting are going to cause an uptick in the number of COVID-19 cases. It will be two weeks before we know that. If the disease is as deadly as the mainstream media was preaching as recently as last week, a lot of those protesters are going to soon be sick. We’ll just have to wait and see.

In the meantime, it only makes sense for us to prepare for a second wave of the virus, while we do everything we can to ensure that we don’t get caught in the midst of any riots.

This content was originally published here.

In my last article, I spoke about leaving the castle in a scenario of complete social break down. I was pretty surprised by the overwhelming amount of positive feedback from our readers. (Thank you, BTW). If you are interested you can check it out here. I figured it was only logical to follow it up with some thoughts on “in castle” defense.

When defending my castle in the upcoming armageddon, my defenses will begin in the zone leading up to the house. It will be better to stop them before they get to my front door. I broke that down in half, very simply close and not so much. What is close and far? All that depends on where you are. Inner-city is going to be very different than a rural castle. As I said before, I live in the city. So, shooting at 500 yards just will not happen…..probably.


So, let us look at the outer perimeter of our castle first. For my homestead, the outer perimeter would be about 150 yards maximum. In my planning, I arrived at the ideal ultimate set up. The first is a semi-automatic magazine fed .308. The all American AR-10.

My review of this great .308 here.

My AR-10 should readily say to any merry looters, “Don’t tread on me, dude”. Sustained accurate fire from my rooftop is the key to getting folks to stay away. Most important is accuracy.  So, in order to have an accurate range for those shots, I planned ahead. My daughter and I went out with my range finder and wrapped different colored ribbons around the telephone poles on the streets around my house. I logged all these in my range book.

135 yards, check!

The second will be the .50 bolt action. “A fifty, Mike. Really?” Yes really! One word: “Killdozer”. Improvised armor vehicles will show themselves. I grew up watching the “The A-Team”, but remember…. so did they. With the proper muzzle device, the recoil of a .50 caliber can be handled by most people. Even an eighteen year old girl.


For whatever reason, the attacker has made it to the inner perimeter. They are close to the castle, a dire situation. My philosophy here is my “Hornets Nest” idea. Make them realize they made a mistake. Immediate overwhelming firepower is the theme. A fully automatic Glock is well worth all the extra paperwork and licensure. A full-auto Glock 17 can dump a thirty round magazine in under two seconds. (fact, BTW).

A wall of Blazer says “go away”!

Behind that hornet’s nest of 9mm is a 12 gauge. Not a pump where “the sound of the action will scare them away”, but a top dollar weapon of war. The Keltec KSG is utilized by law enforcement and military alike. Twenty-two rounds of 12 gauge defensive ammo will save the day.


Have no illusion about the conclusion, end times will be a bit challenging. With just some realistic goals and reasonable expectations, the end of the world will be a cakewalk. Do not kid yourself there will be difficult times even in the planning. Talking to my daughter about a back yard latrine was a huge battle.

Just some thoughts on my plan to survive armageddon. I hope you guys enjoyed this one as much as the first. I am sure you guys all have very similar plans.

A big shout out to all you readers. Please leave your fanfare below.

This content was originally published here.

(Natural News)
Disasters, be it natural or man-made, can happen unexpectedly. When they do, the best way to avoid them is to be on the move. You might not be able to do that with your car, especially when Americans spend, on average, 54 hours stuck in traffic each year. You will need a better bug-out vehicle, one that can help you avoid traffic, deal with tough roads, is fuel efficient and can be quickly used to get out of Dodge. One of the only vehicles that can help you do this is the motorcycle.

Here are four reasons why having a motorcycle as your bug-out vehicle might just save your life when SHTF. (h/t to ThePreppingGuide.com)

Fuel efficiency

During SHTF situations, you are only as safe as how far your vehicle can take you on the amount of gas in its tank. A good prepper keeps his vehicle on full tank and even have spare gas canisters around. However, a vehicle’s fuel mileage also matters greatly, especially when topping up on gas might no longer be an option. In this, motorcycles excel far beyond most vehicles. Motorcycles, on average, can take you between 35 to 40 miles per gallon of fuel. Some of the more fuel efficient motorcycles may even be able to pull off 60 miles per gallon or greater. Cars, meanwhile, only average at around 24.9 miles per gallon. (Related: Missouri company invents amazing survival moped that could help you bug out on a gallon of gas.)

Immediate action

You need a bug-out vehicle that can afford you a high level of immediate action. This vehicle needs to be able to get you out of danger quickly and give you the freedom to make split-second decisions that can save your life. Motorcycles can get up to speed faster than most cars, not to mention the fact that they are highly maneuverable.

Off-road capability

Speaking of a motorcycle’s maneuverability, what is great about this wonderful vehicle is that, when it is outfitted with the proper tires, it can have significantly more off-road capability than most vehicles. Trucks and cars are difficult to drive through anything other than proper, paved roads. Motorcycles, on the other hand, have proven themselves to be adept at traversing difficult terrain, be it shallow water, mud, sand or uneven land. Consider buying a motorcycle, and make sure that the model you’re getting has some off-road capabilities. If you might one day have to run away from a wildfire, a tornado or a hurricane, the motorcycle is for you.

Ease of concealment

During SHTF situations, mobility means survival. Many desperate people around you may turn to crime to get away from danger. Homes will be looted, cars will be stolen and people might get hurt. This is why it’s important to have a vehicle that you can hide away. Cars and trucks are too bulky. A motorcycle, however, can easily be tucked away in a thick patch of shrubbery, or in between a dense collection of trees. If you’ve got a tarpaulin with a camouflage pattern on it, the odds of somebody discovering your motorcycle have decreased to near zero.

Note that your home or bug-out location is still the best place to store a motorcycle. But if you have no choice but to leave your vehicle unattended for a few minutes in the middle of bugging out, it’s better to have a motorcycle.

A motorcycle is one of the best bug-out vehicles y available, especially if you’re looking to make a quick escape. Once you’ve got your hands on one, brush up on how to keep it functioning properly – read a few books or watch videos online on how to maintain and repair a motorcycle. Once you’re familiar with the ins and outs of your motorcycle, bugging out shouldn’t be difficult.

Sources include:

This content was originally published here.

When the news started to rush about the seriousness of COVID-19 I found myself in a crowded Railway Station, the major in Rome (Italy), waiting to pick up my train back home from a two Tracking classes weekend…

I can clearly recall I was wearing an olive green colored shemagh, and seeing all the people wrapped into their scarves – the luckiest among them got the chance to purchase a mask – quite pushed me in emulating them. The temperature outside was pretty much hot and the air seemed to give advance notice of Spring. It was Sunday, the 23rd of February.

I can label it as “the beginning of the worst

Having the perception of being somehow in danger is, no doubts, a level that not exactly everyone does reach. It depends on a lot of factors: knowledge, acquired preparedness, achieved successes in managing drastic situations.

In any case recorded, every scenario has proven to be marked by its own traits and “rules of engagement”. Tough weather conditions, lack of proper gear, being into the void in terms of cardinal points or unavailability of connection for mobile phones (or GPS): if we add to that a skimpy preparedness we can easily lose any hope to get out safe and sound.

I am pretty sure that all the readers here have not only the required skills to face quite any hardship and mishap, but the most important thing, they can count on an ideal mindset to do that.

As I
often tell my Students during Tracking Classes, especially at Basic Level, the
starting point is ATTITUDE, which is firmly connected to MINDSET. The vanishing
point is to give away and lose even the faith in.

There are no skills in which you can’t apply this specific point of view, which could literally save your life.

The Art of Tracking makes no Difference in that

Our choices are always driven by the matching of attitude and mindset and, by that, we are able to gain benefits from them if applied in the right moment and in the appropriate dimension. Personally speaking, I have been an outdoor enthusiast all my life, but the hunger for learning how to face an ongoing bad situation (and, consequently, how to fix it) came only with my mature age: in fact, I realized that accidents in life can easily happen anywhere, anytime.

approach to the Art of Tracking just cruised the same path, as I turned to be
into an individual who deeply matured in her heart and mind the willing to
learn how to read and follow tracks.

plus curiosity can generate the right circumstances to survive.

critical question is: why should a person start to track, notably in an
emergency situation?

is the top notch of the essential importance of the topic of this article.

The answer is far from being unpredictable: the ground (and, sequentially, the surroundings you are in) provides us all the data we may need to get out successfully.

Search and Rescue Teams are aware of this, especially if they can trust trained Trackers.

Trackers are surely not special breed people: they are trained to rely on mere facts and logic.

accomplish their task just by reading carefully and analytically the ground;
they interpret what they observe and consequentially follow the tracks of their

They gather clues and put all the pieces together like in a puzzle. In this manner, they can understand how many persons passed on a specific trail, at what time, if they were carrying loads, and so on.

Again, Trackers are able to tell you if they were women and/or men if any animal passed before or after them if anything relevant happened. An unbelievable amount of information, if you think.

Various cases and crime scenes – murders, mass killings, and so on – have been solved by the legit application of the Art of Tracking. Yosemite Muders and Oklahoma City Bombing, both occurred in 1995,  just to mention you a couple.

Any disappearance in the woods can be handled through the utilization of the Art of Tracking, which happens to be extremely effective even if she comes straight from the Primitive Era. Technological developments, in fact, seem to have not caused particular effects in successfully replacing the feasibility of this skill.

speaking, learning this skill can come in handy if you find yourself lost,
especially if you have no GPS and the connection is totally off.

Being stranded can surely offer you a good manner to try out your Survival and even Bushcraft abilities, but we can’t overlook that our very first instinct will remain to move along before the darkness come, and quickly searching for help.

Reading the tracks of other people on the ground, for example, can lead you to a safe place.

No doubt you need to be almost very good in that, principally if the soil is clearly tough to read to the presence of rocks, gravel, leaves, grass, and so on. Think about a pine trees bed, for example: detecting clear footprints there can be extremely challenging.

Sandy and muddy soils are certainly precious aids in locating the trail to follow: on them, in fact, we can clearly see the outline of footprints.

On the other side, if you are an experienced Tracker, backtracking yourself will be probably your very first choice. You may be familiar with your stride (the total length of your pace, measured from the heel of left footprint to the heel of right, or from toe to toe) and you are able to recognize the pattern  (the design) of your boots.

Even in a situation of a pandemic like the current we are all living, this Art can mark the difference in selecting a safe place where to cross, for example: reading the ground, in fact, can allow you to understand how old is tracking, and, by that, avoiding the fresh ones, which can still bring the contamination of the virus.

Let me
very specific on this point: in order to reach the lowest level of being a
proficient Tracker, you should have gained experiences in years and years of
dirt time on ground” (as defined by Tracking’s terminology).

Every skill that can save your life requires that, and the ancient (and still so valuable!) art of reading, interpreting, and following Tracks makes no exception.

This content was originally published here.