SHTFPreparedness may collect a share of sales or other compensation from the links on this page.

Are you looking for an emergency fuel to store and aren’t sure which is best? Perhaps you need fuel for your generator, cooking, or heating your home and can’t decide which one to stock?

Or maybe you just want to know how long your emergency fuel will last? Whatever your reason might be, we have the answer for you!

We know how challenging it can be to prepare for emergencies. A world without power is daunting, and the uncertainty of when disaster hits leaves many of us unsure how best to prepare.

We don’t want to waste fuel, but we don’t want to be without either. So how do we find the best fuel? How can we better prepare? Suddenly these questions keep you up at night as you worry about the future.

Well, no more! Today we are here to answer all your fuel questions. Keep reading to find out how long alternative fuel lasts and how best to store it!

Knowing this information can help you find the right fuel that will power you and your family through whatever life throws at you!

Fuel For An Emergency Generator

The following fuel options can be used to power an emergency generator should we lose electricity! The shelf life of these is included below too.

Fuel For Heating Your Home

The following fuel options will provide heating to your home during a power outage. You can use any of these to keep yourself warm when your radiators turn cold! We have also included the shelf life of these options for you to see.

Fuel Options For Cooking

The following fuel options are perfect for when you need to cook and don’t have electricity. We still need to eat, and warm food in a world without power will feel fantastic when it hits your stomach. We’ve included the shelf life of these fuel options too.

When deciding which emergency fuel you will want to store, you need to consider what is available to you at that time, along with the shelf life that best suits your needs. Some emergency fuels can be hard to get hold of depending on your location and any shortages, so be sure to check what’s around before making your decision.

You will also want to consider how you will safely store the fuel until it is time to use it. Be sure to check out online tutorials about the best way to store your emergency fuel if you aren’t sure. There are plenty of options out there to help find the best storage solution for you and your fuel.

In an ideal world, it’s best to opt for the fuel with the longest shelf life and those that can be stored safely. To help you find the best fuel for you, we will look at the above fuels in more detail. Keep reading to find out more about the shelf life of these popular fuel options!

Fuels That Last Indefinitely

First up, let’s look at the fuels with an indefinite shelf life! These can be stored for almost forever, providing they are placed in the ideal storage environment. So what fuels are these?

Alcohol can be used as fuel and comes with an indefinite shelf life providing the container is unopened. As alcohol can evaporate quickly and lose its potency once opened, it’s best to keep it in its original container and unopened until you need to use it.

As a gas, butane has an indefinite shelf life. However, the cartridges do not. They can rust, and the valve seal can deteriorate over time, causing leaks. These leaks can be dangerous and could cause explosions or fires, not what you want! Be sure to check on your butane supplies for any leaks or deterioration.

For best results, store your butane in a cool and dry location. According to the manufacturer, this can give it a shelf life of eight years.

Firewood also lasts indefinitely, but its energy output can decrease over time. This energy decrease is slow, just like when a fire starts to go down after a while. Firewood is a popular emergency fuel that many people choose to store.

You can store it with ease; just ensure that it remains dry.

Charcoal Briquettes

Most households will already have some charcoal briquettes, usually used for BBQs. They can keep indefinitely, too, providing that you keep them dry, as charcoal can absorb moisture over time, making it useless.

However, if your charcoal does absorb some moisture, all is not lost! You can renew the charcoal by laying it out in a single layer on a hot and sunny day, and the sun will dry out the charcoal, and you can use it again.

To prevent your charcoal from becoming wet, place it in a moisture-proof container.

Wood Pellets

Wood pellets are made from compressed wood and will last indefinitely too! To ensure their longevity, place them somewhere dry and keep them out of direct sunlight.

Fuel Tablets

Fuel tablets are ideal for starting a small cooking fire or a fire in general. These tend to come with an indefinite shelf life and can safely keep their original packaging for years.

Natural Gas

While natural gas has an indefinite shelf life, it is not the best fuel to store at home. The properties in natural gas aren’t ideal to be kept in a household tank. Providing access to natural gas is available, then it can be a fine option for power outages, but how long natural gas would be available in a power outage is difficult to say!

Instead of relying on it, consider natural gas as a backup bonus that could be used where possible rather than your main fuel source.

Propane will not go bad, and it comes with an indefinite shelf life and does not degrade as other substances do. Your only limitation with propane is its container, and any shelf life printed on propane refers to the gas cylinder, not the propane.

High-quality propane tanks can last for thirty years or longer, offering you excellent shelf life. If you store them correctly, you can extend their life too! You want to prevent exterior rust as this can shorten your propane container’s shelf life.

If you opt for aluminum or composite cylinders, you don’t need to worry about the rust risk! Be sure only to use high-quality valves and fittings, too, as this can help extend the life of the containers and ensure easy use of your propane.

Fuels That Last For Five Years

Now that we have covered fuels that last indefinitely let’s look at those with a shorter shelf life. These fuels have an average shelf life of roughly five years, but you can increase or decrease their shelf life depending on how they are stored! Let’s see what those fuels are now!

MRE heaters

MRE heaters have a shelf life of roughly five years. After that time, a chemical reaction will take longer to occur, meaning it won’t heat up as hot as before. You can still use it, but it will not perform as well as it would previously.

Kerosene can last for up to five years if kept in its original packaging or an approved container. Condensation adds water to kerosene as it ages, and bacteria and mold can also create a sludge that will break down the fuel. Not ideal!

Thankfully, there is a solution. Adding a fuel stabilizer annually will extend the life of kerosene and prevent bacteria and mold from breaking the fuel down.

Fuels That Last Two Years

Now we have fuels with a shorter shelf life of roughly two years. While two years doesn’t sound like a long time, the storage conditions here impact the shelf life. Don’t panic, though, as we have some tips that can help you store these fuel options so that they last longer!

White Gas

White gas can be stored for five to seven years, providing you keep it unopened and in its original container. Once you open the fuel, you can use it for two years, and after this point, it becomes unviable and should not be used.

Depending on the storage conditions, diesel can last for 18 to 24 months. You can store diesel for 12 months or more when keeping it at 68 degrees Fahrenheit. If you keep it at temperatures higher than 86 degrees Fahrenheit, then you can expect your diesel to last for 6 to 12 months. That’s quite a difference, so be sure to check the temperature before you store your diesel!

Any exposure to air, heat, or water can shorten that shelf life, giving you even less time to use the fuel! Adding a fuel stabilizer annually can help to extend the shelf life, though.

It’s also worth rotating your fuel within 1 to 5 years and replacing it with fresh fuel when needed too. If you have low sulfur diesel fuel, then it can last for at least five years. You could extend this to ten years if it was kept underground with regular inspection and included the correct additives.

Be sure to do your research when keeping diesel to ensure that you keep the fuel in the best conditions possible!

Fuels With A Short Shelf Life

Below we have the fuel that comes with a super short shelf life. It’s not best to store large quantities of this fuel, as it’s unlikely you will use it all before it expires! Let’s take a closer look at this fuel.

Unleaded Gasoline

Gasoline comes with a short shelf life of six to nine months if stored in an airtight container. You can increase this shelf life, too, if you add a good quality fuel stabilizer.

Gasoline degrades, and you will notice gummy resin deposits and layers of varnish in it, making it unusable! If you attempted to use it, you could corrode system components and damage your equipment, something you want to avoid if there’s no power! Be sure to check your fuel regularly and rotate it to ensure you don’t use expired gasoline.

What Is The Best Emergency Fuel?

The best emergency fuel will vary from person to person. So it’s best to pick the fuel that will best suit your needs and can be stored safely until needed. Where possible, opt for the fuel that comes with the longest storage life.

Doing so helps avoid rotating fuels that you don’t usually use, which can be a pricey challenge! Instead, opt for fuel and devices that you can use when the power goes. Remember, you only need enough fuel to cover your basic needs until the world becomes more normal again, don’t stock more than you need.

Don’t forget to check out tutorials online to find some fantastic storage solutions for your fuel!

Bonus: Root Cellar That Can Be Used as a Bunker

Do you remember the old root cellars our great-grandparents used to have? In fact, they probably built it themselves, right in their back yard.

If you want to learn how to build a backyard bunker like your grandparents had, without breaking the bank, then you need Easy Cellar.

Easy Cellar will show you:

Easy Cellar will also reveal how a veteran, with only $421, built a small nuclear bunker in his backyard.

This content was originally published here.

SHTFPreparedness may collect a share of sales or other compensation from the links on this page.

When it comes to survival, it is a dog-eat-dog world. You need to ensure you are looking after yourself and that you have a good amount of food available. While it is great to stockpile, in an emergency situation, if you need to be on the move, it is not plausible to carry around a lot of dried food and tins with you.

This will only make your backpack heavier to carry and will inevitably slow you down in the long run. This is why it is important to have a good understanding of the things you can and cannot eat in nature.

While you may know what types of nuts and berries are safe, these will not provide that much-needed protein, this will typically need to come from consuming meat. This may lead you to wonder what types of animals you can eat that are popular in your area.

Crows are popular across the United States, and they are also in abundance. As a result of this, you may have wondered whether or not they are safe, and legal to eat. In this article, we will be discussing this in more detail from if they are safe to eat, and how to correctly prepare them.

Is It Possible To Eat Crow?

Yes, it is entirely possible to eat crow. They are a popular medium-sized bird that can also be referred to as ravens. They are a surprisingly intelligent species of bird, and they are found in most states.

While they may not necessarily be your first, go-to choice when you need protein, crows are a useful option to consider if you have some hunting abilities, and are in a survival situation.

Is It Safe To Eat Crow?

While you can eat something, this does not always mean that you should. However, when cooked and prepared correctly, it is perfectly safe to eat crow. When you are in a survival situation, you cannot be picky when it comes to the food you eat, and crows are a perfectly edible choice to consider.

There tends to be the assumption that crows are unsafe to eat because they are a bird that scavenges food and will eat anything. However, this is not necessarily true. Interestingly, there are some places around the world that will regularly eat crow, which further emphasizes this.

The most important thing to remember when eating crow is to prepare and cook it correctly. As with any type of meat, if it is not cooked thoroughly, this can easily lead to food poisoning.

How Does Crow Taste?

There are some differences in opinions when it comes to what crows taste like. However, the general consensus is that they taste like game meat. This is understandable when you take into consideration that they are a darker meat.

If you think about game meat such as duck, and goose, this is what crow can be most likened to. However, it does have a slightly different aftertaste. It is not unpleasant by any means, but it may be an acquired taste. But, in a survival situation, you have to eat what you can find, and cannot afford to be too fussy about things.

When you take into consideration that crows are a scavenging bird, many people assume that they taste like decaying flesh (carrion), but this is not the case, especially when they are caught and cooked correctly.

Is It Legal To Eat Crow?

Whether or not it is legal to eat and hunt crow will depend on the state you are currently in. While some states allow this, others will not. This is due to the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, which was put in place in 1918.

This act protects crows and prevents them from being hunted. However, not all states abide by this law, and other states will allow them to be hunted and eaten. This is why it is important to double-check this before hunting, and you will want to only do this within the law.

How To Safely Prepare Crow

When you are preparing crow, you will want to ensure you are doing this correctly. As they are a fairly small bird, there will not be much meat to remove from the carcass. The breast of the bird will be the best place to take the meat from. The rest of the crow will have very little in the way of meat.

There are a few ways in which you can prepare and cook crow, depending on what you have available to you and your personal preferences. For example, once the crow has been plucked, it can be roasted whole, and served with vegetables. Alternatively, you can fry or boil the meat. It can also be used in stews and soups, which is a great option to consider.

You will want to ensure that the meat is cooked thoroughly before serving to ensure that it is free of any harmful bacteria. The cooking times will vary, but if you are grilling the crow, it will take around 20 minutes.

Potential Diseases To Be Aware Of

While it is safe to eat crow in general, as with any type of meat, there are always potential diseases that you will need to be aware of. This is particularly true for crows, considering that they are not bred to be eaten, and they will scavenge whatever food they can find.

If they eat something that is diseased, this can potentially cause you to become ill. This is why care should always be taken, and why you always need to cook meat thoroughly.

Some of the diseases you will need to be aware of are Histoplasmosis, Salmonellosis, E. Coli, and Cryptococcosis. These can all cause humans to become severely ill. In addition to this, crows can also be susceptible to West Nile Virus and mites, which is worth keeping in mind when hunting and preparing them.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is It Bad Luck To Eat A Crow?

Crows are often seen as a symbol of bad luck and death in some places around the world. As a result of this, many people are led to believe that seeing or eating a crow will lead to bad luck. However, this is not necessarily true, and there is no scientific proof to back up this. This is merely just superstitions that have been passed down through generations.

Which Country Eats Crow?

As we have already covered, there are many countries around the world that will eat crow. However, it is commonly eaten in Lithuania.

We hope you have found this article useful. As you can see, it is entirely possible to eat crow. The most important thing to remember is to check the individual state you are currently living in before hunting them, to ensure that this is legal to do. In addition to this, you will need to ensure that you are cooking the crow thoroughly and correctly.

Bonus: Root Cellar That Can Be Used as a Bunker

Do you remember the old root cellars our great-grandparents used to have? In fact, they probably built it themselves, right in their back yard.

If you want to learn how to build a backyard bunker like your grandparents had, without breaking the bank, then you need Easy Cellar.

Easy Cellar will show you:

Easy Cellar will also reveal how a veteran, with only $421, built a small nuclear bunker in his backyard.

This content was originally published here.

If you’re new here, you may want to subscribe to my RSS feed. Thanks for visiting!

(Psst: The FTC wants me to remind you that this website contains affiliate links. That means if you make a purchase from a link you click on, I might receive a small commission. This does not increase the price you’ll pay for that item nor does it decrease the awesomeness of the item. ~ Daisy)

by J.G. Martinez

Is the SHTF already here?” is a thought that has been in my mind for a while. Traditionally, preppers became sort of mainstream in the Cold War, according to some researchers. For those growing up back then, their particular immediate threat was a thermonuclear war. With the Cuban Missile crisis back then, I can understand precisely this mind setup, no doubt about that. Growing up under that threat is no easy task. But I believe that the SHTF is already here and it’s nothing like anyone expected.

However, after the spectacular attacks of 9/11, we have seen that the real threats have been insidious, sneaky, and underground. The overnight Hollywood-style zombie apocalypse, although not impossible, is unlikely. Please allow me to define what the SHTF meant for me, for those new readers.

My SHTF experience

My former job was one that most Venezuelans coveted. Good salary (back then), full-coverage medical insurance for my immediate family and parents, myself included, and 34 days of vacations per year. With the relatively high stability of our jobs, we could walk into any shop in town and get enough credit to buy new furniture and appliances for the entire house every year. However, I preferred to invest in land, good vehicles, and gear for my home-based business (the CNC machining stuff and crops from my mountain cabin patch). (For more information about building a 3-layer prepper food supply, sign up to get our free book right here.)

After the hyperinflation, this job became, well, not worthy and I was forced to face prolonged hyperinflation. Along with losing my job, several other circumstances forced me to flee away. This was not one of my more brilliant moves, but sadly, those choices did not exactly depend on my criteria. After that, I went through my worst financial period in decades while the pandemic left its ugly mark on the world economy. My very own personal SHTF has lasted almost four years now. And here I am, much wiser. Maybe penniless as ever in my life, but much wiser nonetheless, and with the sense of adventure slowly returning. Perhaps that is what keeps me young.

Society has already taken a knee

There is something I do dare to say, clear and loud. A worldwide collapse is not necessarily a sudden, lightning-like change of scenarios. As Fabian and Selco have both written about, a slow-burning SHTF is more like it. (Unless it’s an act of God, like an extinction-level meteor, or a Carrington event that kicks us back to the 1800s, or a steampunk world). I have seen things going slowly downhill for a year and a half. Globalists push new “threats” that were never in the mainstream media for much too long to capitalize on fear. 

My point is, the S has already H the F. Society has taken a knee. Worldwide, people get in line for the you-know-what. No matter if they die randomly in the aftermath. Don’t get me wrong, if you had it, good, and if you don’t want it, good. “My body, my choice, fellows.”

For many of us, things have already changed drastically, financial-wise. We have reshaped and reconstructed our income sources the best way we can. What once seemed feasible, like going to another country or region, is now a jump in the dark. With potentially harmful consequences, of course. What worries me most is the inability to go somewhere else, should we decide to leave again based on the inevitable necessity. Canada is asking for medical “assurances” that I’m unwilling to take because of my medical records and family illnesses, just like many other countries that once were on my list.

Maybe we are looking at the wrong “threat”

After 2020, I believe we can agree on this: anything can happen.

For example, the WHO reports new illnesses that are supposedly spreading. According to the WHO, treatment for these new “threats” includes blood transfusions and hydration by intravenous injection. (These “reports” have me thinking maybe it’s a good idea to preserve some blood units for all of us in the family and stash it at the mountain cabin. There is fair weather there, much cooler and without the 10°C or more variations in temperature down here in town. I can’t cross the country with these materials from the other house, too much risk of being seized on a roadblock.)

We hear about the ongoing climate change “issues” and some other mainstream media narratives daily. I find any information in the mainstream media, even if it comes from “official” sources, hard to swallow. Bits of truth, sweetened with rhetoric and ambiguity: that is what I sense in all this.

However, that does not mean there is no threat

It’s like fog. Maybe you can see 10 meters away, and you can make your way and arrive safely. However,  you won’t see the looming threats. Nor will you know what can be happening in the neighboring houses. Therefore, constant research and good criteria are needed.

I hope this ends soon. The last thing I want is my kid growing up in this mockup of a country, a torn Republic unable to walk by itself. I firmly believe that conflict surrounds us. We just haven’t been high enough above the fog to see it. 

Do you see an end to all this? Any comments? Let us know.

Thanks for reading! Stay tuned, Jose

About Jose

Jose is an upper-middle-class professional. He is a former worker of the oil state company with a Bachelor’s degree from one of the best national Universities. He has an old but in good shape SUV, a good 150 square meters house in a nice neighborhood, in a small but (formerly) prosperous city with two middle size malls. Jose is a prepper and shares his eyewitness accounts and survival stories from the collapse of his beloved Venezuela. Jose and his younger kid are currently back in Venezuela, after the intention of setting up a new life in another country didn’t  go well. The SARSCOV2 re-shaped the labor market and South American economy so he decided to give it a try to homestead in the mountains, and make a living as best as possible. But this time in his own land, and surrounded by family, friends and acquaintances, with all the gear and equipment collected, as the initial plan was.

 Follow Jose on YouTube and gain access to his exclusive content on PatreonDonations: or the BTC address 3QQcFfK9GvZNEmALuVV8D6AUttChTdtReE

This content was originally published here.

(Natural News)
Your first aid kit should include tools that you can use to treat different kinds of minor medical emergencies, from cuts and scrapes to burns and small wounds.

When SHTF, some injuries may require stitches or sutures to stop bleeding and prevent infections. If you don’t have access to emergency medical services, knowing how to suture wounds is a crucial survival skill that you should learn before disaster strikes. (h/t to

Suture tools to include in your first aid kit

A wound will require stitches or sutures if:

There are many kinds of materials that you can use to close a superficial wound. But there are times when only sutures will work.

Unlike other aspects of prepping and survival, it’s best not to improvise if you need to suture a wound. Never use a regular needle and thread unless you have no other choice.

Here are some of the most commonly available suture tools to help you decide which ones you should include in your first aid kit:

A reverse cutting needle is usually preferred because it reduces the chance of weakening and tearing the patient’s skin.

The most commonly used needle shapes are 1/2 and 3/8 circle and the latter is more common. There are other needle shapes available, but you probably won’t need them after SHTF.

The picture on the suture package indicates the shape and size of the needles. More zeroes mean smaller diameter.

Note that the strength of the suture shouldn’t be greater than the strength of the tissue. If something is going to give, it should be the suture, not the tissue since this can cause more trauma to the tissue.

There are several ways to classify suture materials. Factors to consider include the patient and location where the suture is to be placed, along with the supplies you have in your kit.

Absorbable sutures are often used for wounds inside the body. You can also use them if it’s difficult to remove the sutures because of certain circumstances.

Absorbable sutures don’t have to be removed by a doctor because they are broken down by enzymes found in the tissues of your body.

Non-absorbable sutures are often used outside for skin closure and on people with a history of reaction to absorbable sutures.

Monofilament sutures (like fishing line) are less likely to harbor microorganisms. They do not wick any fluid and bacteria into the wound. They are also less irritating to the skin compared to other kinds of sutures.

Monofilament sutures tie down easily but the knots slip more readily and may become weakened if compromised, such as when crushed, crimped or nicked. (Related: Prepper first aid: DIY antiseptics for wound care.)

Braided sutures are more likely to harbor organisms, but they are stronger and more flexible. Some people find it easier to work with braided sutures.

Coated sutures often go with braided sutures and make it easier to pull the sutures through the tissue. The knots in coated sutures also hold better.

Before SHTF, stock up on common suture tools like needles and sutures that suit your needs. Include a variety of tools in your first aid kit and learn how to apply emergency stitches.

Check out to learn more about other items you need in your first aid kit.

This content was originally published here.

What Makes a Great SHTF Gun?

By: Greg Chabot

Scenario: The power is out, and cities have descended into anarchy. Unprepared refugees are fleeing to rural areas. The government is not coming to save you. It is time to bug out while there is still time left. You have a small collection of firearms, but which ones do you take for the long haul?

Since the beginning of the China Virus and election theft crisis, I have been asked, “What do you recommend for a SHTF (Sh*t Hits the Fan) scenario?” That can be a complex answer with many factors to consider. My intent with this article will be to give some basic considerations for choosing what guns to grab when SHTF. I am not a fan boy of any weapon system or brand. To keep it simple, I will use generic examples (AR, Glock, etc.). At the conclusion of the article, I will share what I prefer if I were to find myself in a SHTF situation.

The best weapon you have in your arsenal is your brain. Keeping your wits about you is key to surviving a dangerous situation. Planning ahead will always give you the edge over the last-minute types. I know many folks own more than one gun. Figuring out which one to take can be a challenge. To narrow that down, consider these factors:

1) Weight: Ounces = Pounds, Pounds = Pain. As a former soldier, I can attest to this. I know many will say, “Greg, I have my end of the world Unimog. Why worry about weight?” Depending on the scenario, a vehicle might not be practical or available. Vehicles break down, and roads could be impassable. And you could find yourself on foot. When on foot, every ounce counts, and that includes ammo, water, and food.

I take the minimalist approach to my personal weapons. I don’t load up every inch of rail with accessories. My recommendation: take your choice for a loadout and go for a hike over rough terrain. After a few miles, you might discover that a pimped-out SCAR-H might not be the best choice for you, weight-wise if you are going to be foot mobile for an extended period. It’s also a great opportunity to check the comfort of your gear and make adjustments. If you do not train in your gear, I suggest you start doing so. If you plan to stay put, you will still have to patrol, etc. Get used to carrying your kit and get in physical/mental shape.

2) Common weapons: For SHTF, I try to steer folks to commonly available weapons. It doesn’t do you any good to have an odd caliber or weapon that others don’t use.

Let’s face this fact, as much as we want, in theory, to get our Rambo on and be the loner, most of us won’t last a week solo. We will more than likely work with like-minded people. Compatibility is very important when working with others as a unit. Using a Beretta BM-59 when everyone else has an AR isn’t a good idea. I understand if that is all you have, then use it. It is easier in the long run to have similar caliber, magazine, and parts compatibility, however. Caliber is a personal choice. My only advice is to stick with commonly available ammo. You can find 9mm and 5.56mm anywhere in the US. Oddballs like 6.8 SPC, etc. not so much.

Same goes for handguns. Glocks and 1911s are prolific and can be found just about anywhere. If you plan on staying put, you could also consider using what local law enforcement prefers. Just to be clear, if you are on a tight budget, a rifle should be your first purchase, then a handgun. If it gets bad enough, you’ll be able to “acquire” a commonly found weapon from a previous owner who doesn’t need it anymore.

3) Reliability: A weapon that is unreliable is useless. My priority when choosing a personal firearm is reliability first and foremost. Not accuracy or how cool it looks or price. When I review weapons for Gunpowder and other publications, I do my damnedest to push it to the limit and try to make my weapon fail. Do your research and pick a weapon from a reputable manufacturer. Personally, I would avoid a weapon system with proprietary parts. Most AR/AK types have parts compatibility. Don’t let price be a factor in your selection; expensive isn’t always better. Most folks don’t need a $3K AR-15; they can buy a reliable $1K AR and spend the rest on ammo, mags, cleaning kit, and competent training. Buy a workhorse, not a show horse, regardless of platform choice. That also includes handguns: stock Glocks run better than Gucci Glocks in harsh conditions. Looking cool doesn’t win a gun fight – confidence and training do.

The above are some very simple tips to choose your SHTF weapons. Do your research and test your choices. I know ammo is expensive, but remember: your life and those of your loved ones might depend on that weapon. Spend the money and run it hard to see what it can and can’t do.

My choices for the scenario I described above include:

Rifle: Colt 6920 LE carbine: I have thousands of rounds through this weapon with no malfunctions.

Handgun: Wilson Combat CQB in .45 ACP. The gun runs like a top with only one malfunction in 25K rounds.

Both weapons meet my standards for reliability, weight, and being common platforms/calibers. As I have stated before, weapon selection is a personal choice. The important thing is to be competent and confident with your weapons of choice regardless of platform, brand, or caliber.

I hope this article will help my readers in either making a purchase or looking closer at their preparations. It is not meant to be a be-all, end-all. Remember, your brain is the best weapon in your arsenal.

See you in the woods!”

Greg Chabot is an Iraq Combat Veteran freelancer, writing from New Hampshire.

This content was originally published here.

The lights go out. Your emergency radio keeps playing a message on repeat from the Emergency Broadcast System. News is non-existent. Rumors are everywhere. People are starting to clear out the grocery and hardware stores.

You don’t know if you’ll have to fight, but you want the best chance you’ve got to protect yourself, your family, and your property. What weapons will you need when SHTF?

Fixed Blade Knife

A fixed blade knife is great when the question of time is at hand. Any machine, no matter how simple, will eventually fail at its most sensitive part. And a knife is an essential survival tool for crafting as well as fighting.

If you use a cheaply made folding knife to strip branches or bark from a tree, eventually, it will break. A fixed blade has less of a chance of breaking at a hinge.

As with anything you purchase, quality is a better target than quantity. A fixed blade knife should have a tang that goes through the length of the handle. This ensures that even if the handle needs to be replaced, the blade can be migrated.

Crossbow or Recurve Bow

There will be scenarios where you need to hit a target outside of a stone’s throw. Whether it’s hunting a deer in the woods or defending yourself, a crossbow or good recurve bow could be the key.

The great thing about archery is the ammunition is plentiful. There is quite a bit of skill required to fletch an arrow or crossbow bolt properly, but it’s a skill you’ll likely have time to master.

Unlike firearms, bows don’t run out. While manufactured arrows are undoubtedly straighter and more precise, homemade arrows can be assembled and arrowheads made from a surprisingly large number of materials.

Hatchet or Tomahawk

A well-made hatchet is worth its weight in gold. Not only will you likely use that hatchet to construct defenses and booby traps, but it can also be a very effective close-quarters combat weapon.

There’s a reason the Native Americans and frontiersmen always carried a hatchet or tomahawk. By their very design, handles will eventually break or disintegrate, but metal can last a lifetime. Tomahawks are great because a new handle is easy to fashion. Hatchets may also be designed the same way, but others have fixed plastic or polymer handles that are difficult to pry apart once they crack or splinter.

Every tool in your arsenal will break if you survive long enough. Choose tools that are designed to be repaired. Solid components matched with sound engineering means you have less to do when something finally does break.

Bonus: Spear

Distance is important in a fight. The more distance you can keep your attacker at while still being able to inflict damage is key to survival. A spear buys you distance. A good spearhead can be fashioned out of a hoe, or you can buy a dedicated spear tip that can be fixed onto a shaft.

You can also improvise a spear from a knife. In either case, it buys you critical time to keep your attackers at bay.

What is one weapon (non-firearm) you’d want to have when the SHTF? Let me know in the comments below.

Read the original story: Weapons To Have When SHTF (Non-Firearms)

This content was originally published here.

The apocalypse has been a popular topic in Hollywood for decades. Every era and genre is guaranteed to have at least one movie, TV show, or book about the end of the world. These earth-shattering events come in myriad shapes and sizes. Maybe solar flares knock us back into the Stone Age. Perhaps scientists clone dinosaurs, despite a series of movies repeatedly proving this is a bad idea.

Maybe aliens are invading, like Orson Wells had everyone thinking during his radio broadcast of “War of the Worlds” in 1938. Perhaps a massive asteroid or comet crashes into the planet, causing an extinction-level event. A disease could sweep the globe, killing millions and leaving the rest of the world struggling to cope. That sounds familiar. Maybe we destroy ourselves, in one of a million ways, because if humans are good at one thing, it’s violence.

One thing almost all these stories have in common is the fact that our heroes or heroines are usually reduced to traveling on foot, or if they’re lucky, in heavily modified bug-out vehicles explicitly designed for the apocalypse. Public transportation, trains, and airplanes tend to go the way of the dodo, converted instead into secured bases or scavenged for parts.

Flying During Apocalyptic Scenarios

If the opportunity presents itself, is it safe to fly in an SHTF scenario? Here are some of the most common apocalypse scenarios you might encounter, as well as a few safer travel options if you need to traverse an apocalyptic landscape.

1. Viral Pandemic

This depends on the virus, its infection rate, and the mortality rate. Living through the COVID-19 pandemic taught us that with precautions like masks, increased disinfection practices, social distancing, and vaccines, traveling by plane can be carried out in relative safety. However, that’s with a virus that has a very low mortality rate. For a deadlier disease or one with no treatment, avoiding travel in a crowded aircraft will be your best choice for survival.

2. Nuclear Apocalypse

Traveling by air, in this case, will be a moot point unless you are keen on restoring some aircraft from World War II or before. Assuming you survive the initial blast and don’t die from radiation exposure, nuclear explosions also cause massive electromagnetic pulses that knock out all modern electronics. Fleets of aircraft will be grounded permanently.

3. Solar Flares/ Geomagnetic Storms

Solar flares and geomagnetic storms create the same sort of problem nuclear strikes do, minus the radiation and devastation that comes with an explosion. A powerful storm could potentially knock the entire planet back into the dark ages.

Most modern consumer technology isn’t shielded beyond what the FCC requires to prevent it from interfering with official equipment. It isn’t designed to stand up to a massive solar flare, so flying safely would be impossible.

4. Super Storms

Even skilled pilots and hurricane hunters often find it challenging to navigate safely through massive storms. Climate change is making hurricanes larger and stronger every year. If we reach the point where superstorms are constantly forming and lingering, trying to fly through them will not be advisable. Even navigating around them will be difficult because they can change air currents so dramatically.

5. War/Civil Unrest

This is a vast blanket that could cover many events and incidents, so we’ll try to keep it very nonspecific. In general, flying during war or civil unrest should be avoided at all costs. There’s no guarantee your plane won’t be shot down, hijacked, or even forced to land somewhere other than your destination, leaving you trapped and unable to find your way home.

This isn’t fiction or speculation — it happened recently in Belarus, and that was in an event limited to a single country. Imagine how dangerous it could be if the world is at war and you try to catch a flight.

6. Asteroid Strike

There are a lot of variables here to consider. What type of asteroid was it? Where did it strike? How big was it? These are moot points if a large enough asteroid hits land because it’s game over.

There’s no flying anywhere because there won’t be anyone left to fly. If a smaller asteroid or multiple ones strike land and water, there is a chance of survival, but flying will still probably be a bad idea due to debris being thrown up into the atmosphere by the impact. These could easily clog airplane engines, sending you crashing to the ground.

7. Supervolcano Eruption

There is a massive supervolcano in Yellowstone. If it erupts, life as we know it will end. The explosion will destroy most of the American Midwest and throw dirt and debris into the upper atmosphere, where it will linger for generations. Flying will be impossible for much the same reason as the asteroid strike — clogged airline engines and the tragic crashes that result.

These are all common apocalypse scenarios, but what about the less likely ones that tend to pop up in Hollywood?

8. Zombies

No. God, no. When someone succumbs to the zombie infection, do you want to be trapped in a small steel tube 35,000 feet in the air? You know someone is going to hide their bite so they can fly.

9. Alien Invasion

Aliens are probably invading from the sky. Do you want to get yourself closer to their ships? Stay on the ground.

10. Sun Expansion

Unless your plane is heading out of the atmosphere, give up already. There’s no surviving this event, so it won’t matter how you’re traveling.

Safer Travel Options

Even if flying is an option, it probably isn’t the safest way to travel if SHTF. Here are a few safer options you should consider if you need to navigate an apocalyptic wasteland.

Should You Fly if the SHTF?

In most cases, the answer to this question is going to be an emphatic no. The best thing you can do during an SHTF scenario is to go to the ground. The only exception to this rule might be if you’re a pilot with your plane and the details of the apocalypse don’t make flying too dangerous.

This content was originally published here.

You will hardly run into a prepper who is not making plans and accumulating gear to be ready for medical emergencies that might occur during or as the result of a disaster.

The mantra that I and others in the sector preach is that one must be prepared to be their own first responder. Doctors, nurses and EMTs will be completely overwhelmed if they are around to help at all, so you have to be ready to do it yourself.

man brushing teeth

However, there is one component of medical care that is almost universally overlooked by preppers all across the land, and that is dental care. Dental care is about far more than keeping your chompers looking good so you can feel confident and polite society.

Failing to keep your teeth clean and any oral maladies taken care of can eventually lead to excruciating pain and turn life threatening far more quickly than one would think.

The idea of being your own dentist or serving as a dentist for those in your family or group during a long-term survival situation might seem daunting, but just like every other skill you have learned so far it is entirely achievable, at least to an extent they can make a difference when an intervention is called for.

In this article, we will provide you with an introduction to the concepts and fundamentals of SHTF dentistry skill.

Before we get started, it is imperative that you understand just how important oral health is to overall health.

Sure, keeping your teeth free of plaque and cavities and gleaming pearly white definitely improves your appearance and helps your social life but you have far more at stake practically than socially if you let your teeth and mouth fall into disrepair.

Damaged or badly degraded teeth can no longer do their job of processing food, and even if they can the pain is going to make eating tedious and excruciating, certainly robbing meal time of any Joy and likely depleting your strength physically and emotionally.

Being able to eat easily in a carefree way is something that almost everyone takes for granted.

How much worse will this be in the middle of a survival situation amidst all of the other problems you are trying to deal with?

I would argue it will be pretty bad. when you have to go on living, that means you have to continually take care of yourself so that you can survive and thrive under the circumstances, like it or not. That means you’ll need to take care of your teeth and mouth like any other part of your body.

Hygiene is Imperative to Long-Term Survival Situations

As is said, cleanliness is next to godliness, and while keeping it clean in a survival situation won’t necessarily buy you divine intervention, it can stave off problems that you cannot afford under the circumstances.

A body that is dirty will begin to host bacteria in ever-increasing, constantly multiplying numbers. Depending on the type of bacteria and where it is on your body the maladies that might develop and escalate can range anywhere from annoying to life-threatening.

I can start with rashes and topical skin irritations progressing all the way to localized sores and eventually progress to severe infection, infection that will make you terribly ill or even kill you outright.

And we should not discount the nicer side of good hygiene. You and everyone around you are likely to be going through one of the single, worst experiences of their lives, and putting up with a foul and stinky body of another person along with their own is only going to increase stress levels.

A person who is clean and smells good, or at least does not smell terrible, will increase morale, and the mental edge that this can provide must not be underestimated.

BLUF: Poor Oral-Hygiene can be Life-Threatening

Discussing all the many varied and terrible ways that poor hygiene can kill you when you are chronically unclean can be an entire article unto itself, but concerning ourselves only with the hygiene of the mouth a buildup of bacteria will start out making your breath positively foul and eventually progress to the rampant buildup of plaque on teeth, plaque that will weaken them and eventually rot them right out of their sockets.

When the teeth begin to fail the gums will likewise be affected, and an open injury in the mouth to say nothing of a badly dissolved or crumbled tooth can provide an easy method of ingress for infection.

Considering the proximity to the eyes and brain any major infection of the mouth can easily become incapacitating, even fatal, and wholesale infection of the blood supply is not out of the question.

Both the eyes and the brain are considered immunoprivileged structures in the body, meaning a disproportionate amount of the immune system’s resources are dedicated towards monitoring and protecting them.

Typically, this means infections that begin elsewhere in the body will never make it far enough to affect the eyes or brain, but if the infection should start in the tissues very near to either, that is another story…

Accordingly, you mustn’t let neglect of your mouth turn into an easy vector for infection.

Hit the Books!

Chances are you aren’t a dentist, and you probably aren’t even a dental assistant. The chances are good, however, that you have a baseline level of experience in dental hygiene, you brush your teeth, floss, gargle mouthwash and so forth; your basic twice-daily care routine.

That’s good, and you’ll still need to do all of those things but it isn’t enough for our purposes.

To be truly prepared for post-SHTF dental requirements you’ll need a sampling of skills from various dental disciplines, including those of a dental hygienist, dentist and even a little bit of orthodontics know-how.

Sound intimidating? Maybe it is, but don’t be: These are skills that professionals spend years acquiring and a lifetime mastering, and it just isn’t practical for most of us to devote any significant amount of time to them unless we are actually practicing professionally.

But for mastering key concepts and learning fundamental skills, you can do the same thing that you have already done for other, less cringeworthy skill sets- Hit the books!

And by “hit the books” I mean actually crack open dental manuals, watch pertinent videos on YouTube and other sites and even see if you can track down any training for austere environment dentistry from a genuine practitioner or even an NGO devoted to the purpose.

Having even a little bit of practical experience under your belt will go a long way towards reducing fear and boosting confidence in a live “event,” and barring that even some sound theory and knowledge could make the difference.

No more excuses, time to skill up!

Your Two-Pronged Approach to SHTF Dental Care

Generally, you will prepare for post SHTF dental care and crisis intervention as two distinct but related sets of skills and supply requirements.

  • Basic Upkeep
  • Corrective/Emergency Procedures

Covering the basics is easy, and you might well have all of the supplies you need already, but taking care of the second category is significantly more involved, and more difficult.

Nonetheless, you must do both if you want to be truly ready for all eventualities. Below you will find sections about each category along with lists of materials, tools and supplies helpful for the purpose.

Basic Upkeep – Supplies, Do’s and Don’ts

No surprises here, your basic oral care and upkeep routine will not change much if at all post-SHTF. You’ll still need to brush, you’ll still need to floss and generally try to avoid things that are really hard on your teeth.

Some facets of your routine might change, for instance, if you use a waterpik or electric toothbrush you’ll be switching to manual equivalents in the absence of electricity or in an austere environment or electricity is precious.

Your list of supplies will probably contain no surprises, and you generally want to have on hand enough dental care tools and provisions to take care of yourself, your immediate family and anyone else in your group that you are responsible for:

  • Toothbrushes
    • You should include standard toothbrushes for everyday use as well as interdental toothbrushes. Interdental toothbrushes are tiny, straight pieces of wire designed to fit between teeth, and have a spiral of bristles sticking out in every direction. These are terrific for supplementing your flossing routine as well as cleaning around braces or sensitive areas that traditional brushing cannot reach.
  • Toothpaste
  • Mouthwash (optional)
  • Floss
  • Baking soda
    • Baking soda is a multipurpose item for oral care, capable of being used as toothpaste, diluted into a mouthwash and used as a debriding agent. If you run out of any of the other items on this list you’ll be glad you have it!
  • Clove Oil
    • Clove oil works as an excellent oral anesthetic for sores, cuts and even pain from cavities. Soaking a cotton ball in clove oil and then holding in place for 30-60 seconds is often all that is necessary to provide meaningful relief. Take care that you do not swallow any of this stuff; you won’t forget it!
  • Coconut Oil
    • Coconut oil is another wondrous, natural inclusion to your daily dental routine, and is possessed of strong antimicrobial properties as well as a highly moisturizing nature. It is helpful for keeping your breath fresh, gums moisturized, and preventing the buildup of plaque and tartar on teeth. A must-have for dealing with lesser injuries and ailments of the mouth and gums, and kept in a cool location out of direct sunlight it can last up to two years in storage.

When it comes to doing your daily brushing, depending on the situation you may or may not have a surplus of water to use for rinsing.

That’s okay, as most toothpaste only need to be slightly wet in order to work properly and if you cannot spare the water to rinse you can just spit out the foamy toothpaste as best you can and then go on with your day.

Not entirely pleasant, but completely serviceable for the purposes of keeping your teeth and mouth in good shape.

Corrective Procedures – Supplies, Do’s and Don’ts

  • Tooth fixative
    • Adhesive used for repairing chipped or broken teeth, or attaching fixtures to teeth.
  • Emergency tooth preservation kit
    • This is a kit containing a disinfectant rinse, preservation solution or gel and a container to safely transport a completely dislodged tooth until it can be reinserted into the socket.
  • Filling media
    • Used for the creation of temporary or permanent fillings. Temporary fillings work well for halting the pain from cavities, but permanent and semi-permanent fillings must be installed with care and skill.
  • Scaler and scraper tools
  • Dental picks
  • Extraction forceps
    • A fancy term for tooth-pulling pliers.
  • Periosteal elevator
    • A cutting tool used alongside extraction forceps. This thin chisel-like implement is designed to reach down into the gum line and sever the tissues holding a tooth in place.
  • Dental mirror
  • Dental spatula
  • Probe
  • Temporary tooth/denture media (TempTooth)
    • Used to DIY mold removable teeth or dentures to replace lost or missing teeth. Can alleviate discomfort when eating and improve morale.
  • Facemask
  • Gloves
  • Headlamp or head mirror
  • Gauze pads and rolled gauze

***Caution: Using any of the above tools for their intended purpose entails a certain amount of risk, as they are designed to be used by trained individuals in a proper dentistry setting. Undertaking any amateur dentistry entails risks that are inherent to the procedure, and should only be attempted by those with the knowledge and experience to do so safely.***

When brushing and flossing isn’t enough, or when mishap results in a badly damaged tooth, it is time to break out the big guns, or rather the big tools.

The pick, scraper and scaler tools on the list above are used for the removal of plaque and tartar. Dental fixative, sometimes called tooth adhesive, is used for the temporary repair of damaged teeth until proper care can be obtained.

Dental fixative is little more than an adhesive or cement which is safe to use and the mouth and will reliably bond teeth together. A small chip or a cracked tooth can be shored up using dental fixative.

Upon the removal of plaque or tartar, a cavity can be filled using a variety of filling media and associated spatulas. Care must be taken using either to ensure that surrounding teeth are not contaminated or otherwise impaired.

The really intimidating item on the list above is, of course, the ominously named extraction forceps. AKA Tooth-pulling pliers. These pliers are designed to safely grip a tooth destined for removal without crushing it, a mishap that can make a bad situation so much worse.

These tools are essential for dealing with badly rotten teeth or any others that must come out, and attempting to use common pliers, vise grips or any other such improvised device is likely to result in disaster.

Lastly, gloves and facemask will keep any amateur procedures as hygienic as possible and reduce the risk of infection. A headlamp or head mirror is essential for getting as much light as possible on the work area.

Lastly, temporary or improvised dentures or single replacement teeth can be made surprisingly well and effectively using polymer intended for the purpose.

Temp-Tooth is one such product consisting of temperature sensitive beads which will soften into a tacky rubber consistency after being soaked in very hot water.

Working quickly, a small quantity can be safely inserted into the mouth once wounds have healed and then molded into a prosthetic that will fit in the place once occupied by the removed tooth.

As always, there is no substitute for training and experience, and if you are forced to use any of these tools and learn while you go, both you and your patient will be in for a harrowing experience.

Dealing with Common Dental Emergencies

There are all kinds of dental emergencies that can occur, from abscesses and impactions to traumatically broken or otherwise damaged teeth.

Two of the most common that require intervention are an avulsed tooth (a tooth knocked completely out) and tooth extraction, “pulling” a rotten, badly broken or otherwise problematic tooth.

These two are among the most likely and most distressing, while also being two dental problems that can be successfully intervened upon by a reasonably skilled prepper.

Note that each of these events are legitimate dental emergencies, and if there is any way to reach a professional dentist or other dental professional you should do so.

Avulsed (Knocked Out) Tooth

Teeth can get knocked out for all kinds of reasons. Accidents, physical combat, roughhousing; it doesn’t matter why, what matters is that immediate action is taken to locate, preserve and reinstall the tooth so that there is a chance it will successfully “re-anchor” in the socket.

Knowing what to do and how to act can save precious time, as an avulsed tooth that is left unprotected will quickly experience pulp death, ruining any chance of a save.

If a tooth gets knocked out, do the following:

Step 1: Locate the tooth

Whatever has happened, locate the tooth if it has fallen out of the victim’s mouth.

Note that the tooth might have broken with some remaining in the socket of the gums. If you cannot find the tooth, none of the other steps matter.

Step 2: Pickup tooth by crown/enamel

When picking up the tooth or its components, take all pains to pick it up carefully by the crown (exposed) part or the enamel if the tooth is broken.

Touching the pulp or other tissues is a great way to cause infection from bacteria on your hands that can spoil your attempt at a successful reinstallation. Use gloves if you have them.

Step 3: Rinse tooth

Rinsing the tooth is essential to help prevent contamination and tissue death. Use a purpose-made cleansing rinse out of your tooth preservation kit if you have it, saline solution or failing everything else the cleanest, room temperature water you can find.

Step 4a: Reinsert tooth (If whole)

If the tooth is whole and intact and the damage to the mouth is relatively minor, try inserting the tooth gently into its socket. Biting down gently can help hold it in place. Judicious use of pain-killer or clove oil can help to manage pain.

Step 4b: Keep tooth moist (if reinsertion is not possible)

A tooth that dries out will experience tissue death quickly. Place the cleaned tooth inside the solution or gel found in your preservation kit or, barring that, saline solution.

Step 5: Splint tooth

Splinting the tooth is a procedure done to hold a reinserted tooth in place so that it can heal and, hopefully, reattach to the gums and go on living.

This is done with various apparatus and adhesives and should, ideally, be done by a dentist or orthodontist. You may need to improvise in a jam.

Step 6: Protect tooth for reintegration

A reinstalled tooth should not be exposed to much if any pressure from chewing, extreme heat or cold, acidic food, or anything else that might harm it.

It should be kept clean and rinsed, and antibiotics might be called for to prevent infection which will surely result in the loss of the tooth should it occur.

Note that all of the above assumes the tooth can be reinserted in more or less one piece, and that the tooth was not broken off with remnants still in the socket.

In that case, barring the attention of a skilled dentist or orthodontist, what you are really dealing with is an extraction (see next section).

Never try to force or otherwise mangle a tooth back into position; if it cannot be cleanly refitted, you are likely to cause more harm than good.

The Big One: Pulling a Tooth

Note that the instructions below are procedural for a person who is extracting a tooth from someone else. Extracting your own rotten tooth can be done, but worthwhile instructions for that procedure are beyond the confines of this article.

Check out one of our other articles here for even more info on handling this hair-raising procedure. Godspeed at any rate!

Step 1: Don personal protective equipment

Time to do this. Put on your face mask, gloves, headlamp or mirror and sweatband if you need it.

This isn’t just to comfort your patient; you must do everything you can to reduce the risk of infection since they’re about to have a gaping, open wound in their mouth that is easy to infect and the best of times.

Step 2: Position the patient

Do a few dry runs, preferably not on the patient, to determine the best working height and angle for you. Remember, it will be imperative that you obtain a straight shot to reduce the risk of damaging neighboring teeth.

Step 3: Apply anesthetic, if available

If there was ever a time for anesthetic, this is it.

Step 5: Use periosteal elevator to loosen ligaments holding tooth in place

Expect some bleeding to begin. Keep the area around the tooth as clean and dry as you can using gauze and an occasional spritz of water so you can see what you are doing. Try not to let blood begin filling up in the mouth of the patient.

Step 6: Grasp tooth with extraction forceps

Ensure that your hands are dry and you have a good grip on the handles of the forceps for the next step.

Step 7: Remove tooth by pulling directly upward/downward out of socket

Extract the tooth by pulling it directly upward or downward out of its socket as appropriate. Do not use a rocking motion if it can be avoided. Using a rocking motion increases the chances of damaging or loosening the neighboring teeth.

An exception to this is made when the tooth is most of the way out of the socket or in the case of the rearmost teeth.

Step 8: Ensure that all parts of tooth are removed

As before, use a periodic rinse and plenty of gauze to control bleeding and keep the site clear so that you can see what you are doing.

Step 9: Control bleeding

There will be lots of blood in the aftermath of an extraction, whether it comes out in one piece or not.

Step 10: Perform follow-on care, ensure that patient does not damage or dislodge blood clot

The patient must be monitored for subsequent infection, though swelling, pain and even significant bruising of the mandible or face is likely.

Cultivating Skilled Practitioners for Your Survival Group

Lots of preppers who get turned on to the seriousness and importance of this skill set naturally set about fostering your own skills and procuring their own equipment for the task.

This is undeniably a good thing, but a better approach and one with a much higher degree of efficacy is obtaining a skilled dental technician or actual dentist for your survival group.

This is not necessarily your family dentist or orthodontist. This person is someone that you can build serious rapport with and is of like mind when it comes to personal readiness and the topic of survival.

Having someone who has done all of this before, day in and day out, will drastically improve the chances of a successful outcome and minimize the chances of mishap, to say nothing of doing the whole thing with less pain and trauma for the patient.

If you have a friend, friend of a friend or a family member with any of the above skill sets they are a natural shoe in for the role but you might be able to cultivate a person to fit into your group by meeting the right people and making the right connections.

In fact, it is not out of the question that your dentist or a technician at your dentist’s office might be on board with the idea if you are able to make small talk with them about mutual interests, particularly mutual interests revolving around prepping.

Most groups have a leader, a mechanic, a rigger and a fighter, and many other specialists besides so it is only natural you should try to include a dentist in the fold.

Your teeth will thank you, and you’ll be thanking your lucky stars if you have a dentist at your elbow instead of an enthusiastic amateur when a bad tooth needs to come out!


Dentistry skills and supplies are an often overlooked component in a prepper’s readiness plan. Failing to take care of teeth in the long term can lead to serious dental maladies, including dangerous infections that can prove show stopping under the rigors of survival.

Take it upon yourself to learn fundamental dental care and intervention techniques in case you find yourself in the gravest extreme, and all preppers would be wise to cultivate a close contact or group member in the form of a dental technician or actual dentist.

dental care Pinterest image

This content was originally published here.

(Natural News)
Soap, shampoo and toothpaste are just some of the products that people use daily to keep themselves clean, yet preppers and survivalists often take these personal hygiene items for granted. Naturally, they’d be too concerned about making it out alive when disaster strikes or when SHTF to think about the importance of such items.

But living off-grid or in the wilderness can be challenging if you neglect sanitation and personal hygiene – even if you have food, water and shelter covered.

It’s important that you continue to practice good personal hygiene even in the event of a disaster because many illnesses quickly spread in a filthy environment. Personal hygiene items like soap and shampoo could save your life in such an environment where your physical health is constantly being put to the test.

But don’t fret if you run out of personal hygiene items in the wild or didn’t pack any in your bugout bag (BOB). There are always natural alternatives that you can use in a pinch. (h/t to

Plants that can be used as soap

Your hands are likely picking up germs every time you touch an object. These germs should be eliminated since they can put you at risk of contracting infectious diseases if they get into your mouth or inside wounds. Therefore, it’s important to wash your hands with soap before touching food or treating wounds.

In the absence of soap, look for plants that contain saponins – toxic chemicals that protect plants from bacteria and other pathogens. As such, plants containing saponins shouldn’t be ingested. But when mixed with water and used as soap, saponins foam up. The foam will help rid your hands of germs, much like regular soap.

The following plants have leaves high in saponins that can be used as a natural soap alternative:

Once you’ve found one of the plants listed above, collect a bunch of leaves and cut them into strands. Rub them in your hands with some water until foaming occurs. If there’s wild cucumber growing in your area, get one. You can then use that as a loofa to remove dirt, dead skin cells, oil and other impurities from your skin.

You can also rub your skin with ash from burned hardwood, such as beech, maple, alder, teak, walnut, hickory and mahogany. Boil the ashes in water for 30 minutes or until liquid lye starts to float. Lye has cleaning effects, which is why it is commonly used to make commercial cleaning products.

Plants that help maintain optimal oral health

Not brushing your teeth and rinsing your mouth can lead to oral problems like cavities, which can make it hard to eat food or speak. Oral problems can also cause pain and bad breath.

Keep your gums and teeth clean by rinsing with pine needle tea. Native Americans would also chew on the pine needles themselves to get rid of debris between their teeth. For fresh breath, chew fresh parsley, fennel, dill, cardamom, basil and cilantro. These plants have powerful active compounds that help dispel bad breath.

You can also use fir twigs as a toothbrush if you cut the needles down to the length of a usual toothbrush. (Related: An unconventional approach to dental health that works.)

Additionally, the sweet sap of sugar pines and fir trees can be used as a chewing gum to keep bad breath at bay. Other notable plants with sap worth chewing are sweetgum, red grass, skeleton weed and pilotweed.

Plants that clean hair

Keeping your hair clean in the wild is also important because fleas, lice and other parasites could turn your hair into their nest if left unchecked. Bites from these parasites can lead to an inflamed scalp. They can also transmit diseases.

You can use plants high in saponins to wash your hair. Some plants, like mountain lilac and soap root, also give hair a nice, clean smell. For your combing or brushing needs, you can make a brush out of yucca leaves.

Plants that can be used as toilet paper

Toilet paper is an essential survival item that preppers make sure to include in their BOBs. If you run out of toilet paper, don’t fret. When nature calls, you can use soft leaves from the following plants as toilet paper:

In a survival scenario, you risk contracting diseases if you ignore personal hygiene. Fortunately, there are many plants you can use to clean yourself in the absence of personal hygiene items.

Go to for more articles with tips on how to live off-grid.

This content was originally published here.